Essay Title: 

U.S. Economic Sanctions on North Korea, how effective they have been?

March 28, 2016 | Author: | Posted in international relations, social sciences

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Running head : U .S . Economic Sanctions on North Korea

U .S . ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ON NORTH KOREA

U .S . Economic Sanctions on North Korea

Introduction

U .S . sanctions North Korea economically for they believed that North Korea is a sponsor or supporter of international terrorism . Until now they are still practicing the Marxist-Leninist , a communism government North Korea is seen as posing a threat to U .S . national security . The U .S . has criticized North Korean missile exports and has suspected Pyongyang of secretly [banner_entry_middle]

developing a nuclear weapons program ( Feffer 1999 ) In accordance with U .S . law , the United States limits some trade denies trade in dual use goods and services , limits foreign aid , and opposes entry into or support from international financial institutions At the President ‘s discretion , North Korea would also be subject to the economic sanctions pursuant to the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 , under which the administration has identified North Korea as a country of particular concern ‘ since 2001 , and pursuant to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 , under which the administration has classified North Korea in the category of most severe offender since 2003 (Rennack , 2005

I firmly believe that this sanction is unfair to the civilians for they are the one who directly affected . This research will explore the reasons behind the U .S . economic sanctions to North Korea and how these affect the citizens that are innocent , that work decently

Background of the Controversy

Excerpted from the journal of John Feffer , AFSC Asia Desk (1999 ) vol 4 no .15

North Korea is the United States ‘ longest-standing adversary . The U .S helped to divide the Korean peninsula at the end of World War II , and then waged war against North Korea in the 1950s ( HYPERLINK “http /www .wrf .com /directory .cfm ?attorney_id 369 ” Timothy C Brightbill and HYPERLINK “http /www .wrf .com /directory .cfm ?attorney_id 622 ” John B . Reynolds III , 2000 . It has maintained economic sanctions against Pyongyang for nearly fifty years . In this post-cold war era , North Korea remains a useful demon . The Pentagon has inflated the North Korean threat in to rationalize its desire for a missile defense system , to justify a capacity to fight two wars simultaneously , and to explain the need to maintain 37 ,000 troops in South Korea (and 100 ,000 troops in Asia overall

Relations between the two countries worsened in the early 1990s when North Korea expanded its nuclear program and the U .S . considered bombing the suspected weapons development facilities . In 1994 , after Jimmy Carter sat down with North Korean leader Kim II Sung , the two sides eventually negotiated their way back from the brink of war . The resulting Agreed Framework required that North Korea freeze its nuclear program in exchange for shipments of heavy fuel oil from the U .S . and two light-water nuclear reactors to be built by an international consortium funded largely by Japan and South Korea . As part of this agreement , the U .S . and… [banner_entry_footer]

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