The History of Printing
Man has always felt the urge to somehow immortalize thoughts , ideas and beliefs . Since time immemorial , material of matters that concern man has been placed on various surfaces through a variety of means . Even before there was writing , man has had experience with art (Apex Learning 2006 . Cave paintings of bison dating to around 25 ,000 BC have been found . However , for the purposes of the discussion , printing shall relate to images , text and symbols mechanically or electronically placed upon a medium and intended to be transferred onto another surface . In lieu [banner_entry_middle]
of the foregoing scope of printing , cave paintings do not constitute printed material
According to Peter Mercer ‘s rendition of the history of printing , it began circa 594 when the Chinese began the practice of printing from a negative relief (Mercer . The process , as it was known then , dealt with carving out letters and images onto a block of wood in reverse – somewhat akin to the idea of creating a mirror image of the finished product . The block is then immersed in a dying medium or ink and subsequently pressed onto or some other medium to carry the impression . The idea is the precursor for mass production and its importance carries weight even in the contemporary world of publishing and printing
Great ideas have a way of surviving its founders , and printing was no exception . The idea of using blocks of wood to carry a negative image found its way to the west through caravan routes (Mercer . According Bruce Jones (2000 , a salient point in the history of printing in Europe occurred around the 13th to 15th century which marked the increased secularization of the production of books . This is an important facet in printed material since it paved the way for the invention of printing presses
As a consequence of the Chinese idea of using negatives and the secularization of books , the first books were produced at around the 15th century . In those years , Gutenberg ‘s made a significant contribution with the invention of the printing press . He adapted the screw printing press from the wine presses used as early as the period of the Roman Empire in the Rhine Valley , using oil-based ink and metal prism matrices (Mercer . The printing press made for the more efficient transmittal of information and knowledge , which is said to be Gutenberg ‘s greatest legacy . Books were no longer limited to ecclesiastical institutions and by the 16th century , Mercer reports that more than 9 million books were in circulation
But books were not the only products affected with the invention of the printing press . By the 16th century , advertising also took advantage of the level of efficiency with which printed material can be generated with the aid of Gutenberg ‘s printing press . Town criers were eventually replaced by fliers produced by these marvelous machines . Significant improvements in the usability of printing presses were made in the 17th century which allowed for rapid changes in printing plates and the speed at… [banner_entry_footer]
Author: Essay VaultThis author has published 9453 articles so far. More info about the author is coming soon.