Essay Title: 

the history of corrections and offenders in our country

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

The History of Corrections and Offenders

The History of Corrections and Offenders


Inherent in the human psyche is the concept of right and wrong for some individuals , however , the understanding of wrong is somehow confused to the point where they break the established laws of society and therefore must be punished-enter the corrections system . From the deadly dungeons of medieval times to the super-max prisons of today , the ways that corrections has changed , and how it can be improved in the future , is quite interesting . With these things in mind [banner_entry_middle]

, the corrections system in America , and the offenders that fill them , will be discussed in this

A Brief Overview of Corrections and Offenders in America

The concept of a corrections system was not new by the time America adopted it , but the way that America practiced it certainly represented an improvement over what existed in Europe and elsewhere . Wherein earlier prison development has been characterized by controlling and punishing convicted individuals through the use of mediation and moral instruction , and later by solitary confinement , a newer approach developed wherein a greater emphasis was placed on what would be best for convicts and , in turn , society at large (Tonry , 2000 . Most importantly the majority of these initiatives are still used to varying degrees in the prison system today . From the middle of the 1700 ‘s the American prison concept as a correctional institution was beginning to take shape , albeit it slowly . In 1870 the very first American penitentiary was built in Philadelphia – a design still in use today The Walnut Street Jail was introduced in permanent fashion with the structural pattern of outside cells , a central corridor , and special rooms for solitary confinement – a punishment never before used in previous incarceration situations (Kennedy , 1995 . Interesting as well is the fact that the word penitentiary has its origins branching from the Pennsylvania Quakers and the belief in penitence as a form of redemption from sin and wrongdoing . The penitentiary system gave the chance for reflection , and a place to do it , albeit involuntarily , but still represented a huge step away from primitive punishment for criminals such as flogging , branding , cutting of body parts , and general torture . Following the era of confinement came the period when prisoners , or convicts as they became to be known , were treated by what was known as the Auburn Model , which emphasized work as a form of rehabilitation . Within the Auburn Model was the philosophy that prison was a place for the was achieved through a very powerful control system favoring routine and regimentation , plus absolute silence and swift punishment for infractions of policy . Unfortunately , however , the work ethic soon turned into a slave labor issue as convicts were doing hard labor (Diiulio , 1991 . However , from 1870 to 1900 vocational training education , parole , and the separation of juveniles and adults for all prisoners incarcerated characterized prison development

During the Depression Era , America saw crime on the increase , leading to the federal government ‘s founding of The… [banner_entry_footer]


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