Essay Title: 

the code of hammurabi

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history

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The code of Hammurabi The code of Hammurabi

Codes of Hammurabi are regarded the first recorded laws in the human history . The laws 247-269 from Hammurabi Codes clearly depicts that with the settlement of Semitic tribes in the agriculturally rich valleys of Mesopotamia , the city states came into being with its distinct socio-cultural and political life . Another manifestation of the development of this urban life was city laws . The rudimentary tribal customs and traditions were molded to fit according to the requirements of city life . These laws further [banner_entry_middle]

depicts that primarily the Babylon society was agrarian as most of the laws were related to agricultural activities i .e . ploughing , farming , hiring and breeding of cattle etc Normally , landowners used to cultivate their land themselves regularly but it was also usual they can lend a piece of land or might employ a husbandman . So these contacts of land cultivation were brought under the law and certain rules were devised to carry on a smooth cultivation Furthermore , these laws illustrate the socio-economic strata that differentiate different classes . Although the laws (247-269 ) does not reinforce this idea of class privileges that were bestowed upon the aristocratic class of Babylon state but it has certain distinction between the treatment of a slave and a noble aristocrat . For example Law 251 states , If an ox be a goring ox , and it shown that he is a gorer and he do not bind his horns , or fasten the ox up , and the ox gore a free-born man and kill him , the owner shall pay one-half a mina in money ‘ whereas Law 252 states , If he kill a man ‘s slave , he shall pay one-third of a mina ‘ So there is a difference of compensation for the life of a slave and of a free citizen of Babylon These laws describe Hammurabi as a just ruler . Although some provisions of his Codes are harsh , for example If any one agree with another to tend his field , give him seed , entrust a yoke of oxen to him , and bind him to cultivate the field , if he steal the corn or plants , and take them for himself , his hands shall be hewn off ‘ but it was a normal practice in those days . Most other unrecorded laws of the ancient world suggest such harsh punishment to the convicts . The Hammurabi ‘s intention was to make the rule of law and a norm of the day . His ultimate objective was a peaceful and ed society The most important contribution of this law to modern society is that it paved the way for recorded and written laws . The Roman Laws , that set precedents for modern laws to follow its steps , are also considered to be derived from these Babylon laws . Another contribution of these laws is that it seeks to defend the various institutions of urban life as well as the individual rights . Furthermore it puts some obligations on the individual . All these factors add to the progress and… [banner_entry_footer]


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