Essay Title: 

Term Project of Philippines

March 31, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american literature, literature and language

From a regional , Southeast Asian perspective , the Archipelago Philippines is not a single linear chain of island consisting of Luzon Visayas and Mindanao . Rather , the archipelago has a bifurcate structure , like a letter A with two legs pointing to aligned centers farther south in Borneo , Malaysia , and Indonesia (Zaide , 1999

The Philippines comprises more than 7 ,100 islands , but the 11 largest islands form most of the country ‘s land area . Many active volcanoes comprise its mountainous terrain . The location of the Philippines just north of the equator gives the country a [banner_entry_middle]

moderate tropical climate suited for the cultivation of export crops such as sugarcane , coconuts and pineapples . Agriculture has long formed the backbone of the economy (Encarta

Wikipedia (2006 ) cited that it was with the arrival of the first humans in the Philippines by land bridges at least 30 ,000 years ago , that its history began . The first recorded visit from the West is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan on Homonhon Island in Visayas on the year 1521 , and more settlements continued northward with the colonizers reaching the bay of Manila on the island of Luzon . In Manila they established a new town and thus began an era of Spanish colonization that lasted for more than three centuries , from year 1521 to1898 . The decline of Spanish rule was on 1898 when the American colonizers entered the territory and they lasted to year 1946 . This was a period (1939-1945 ) that the Philippines was one of the first nations of Southeast Asia to try to industrialize its economy . It subsequently lagged behind most of its Asian neighbors in economic development . Manila , located on east central Luzon Island , is the national capital and largest city . The country ‘s cultural institutions , industries , and federal government are concentrated in this rapidly growing metropolitan area (Encarta

The United State government granted partial autonomy (commonwealth status ) in 1935 , this is in preparatory to a planned full independence in 1945 .However , the Japanese occupation of the islands during World War II interrupted the 10-year transition period from a commonwealth to a fully sovereign state that was envisioned by the US . So that full independence was only granted to the Philippines in July 1946

In the year 1950s and 1960s economic stability was attained in the country , when in between 1960s and 1970s under a corrupt dictator leadership of President Ferdinand Marcos that a rise of student activism and civil unrest led to the declaration of martial law in 1972 . Because of close ties between U .S . President Ronald Reagan and President Marcos the U .S . government continued to support Marcos even though his administration was well-known for massive corruption and extensive human rights abuse . Filipinos who were fed up with the system held a peaceful and bloodless 1986 EDSA Revolution , however , brought about the ousting of Marcos (who fled to Hawaii on board a U .S . military helicopter , where he was exiled until his death . From that time on a democracy for the country returned (Wikipedia ,2006 ) The Office of President was followed by President Cory Aquino (the wife of the late Ninoy Aquino , the prime contender of President Marcos , then came President Ramos . The period since then , however , has been marked by political instability and hampered economic productivity . Several attempts of coup de etat and corruptions (along with various calamities ) are contributory factors to this

Then came the 1998 presidential election campaign which had hardly anything to do with a contest between political ideologist and political programs . As a drop out college student and an actor with little prior political experience , Estrada ran for Presidency . Estrada ‘s political strategies and backers were aware that a large share of the Philippine electorate had become so dissatisfied and estranged from the ruling political elite that the poor and undereducated were looking for a change in leadership . A campaign strategy that reflected Estrada ‘s pro-poor image that he had built up throughout his movie career soundly brought him to the office of the presidency , and inspired the poor and uneducated with the hope that his presidency is of and for the poor Inevitably , as early as 1999 his presidency was soon dogged by charges of plunder and corruption , and was reported to have spent long hours of drinking with shady characters . More charges on acquiring money from profits in illegal gambling which caused uproar across the nation , which culminated in Estrada ‘s impeachment (Zaide , 1999

On January 2001 thousands of protesters for Estrada ‘s resignation were on the historical EDSA highway at the site of the 1986 EDSA revolution that overthrew Ferdinand Marcos . The Armed Forces of the Philippines seeing the political upheaval throughout the country , decided to withdraw its support from the President and transferred their allegiance to the vice president , Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as the new president . The new president charged him with plunder and had him arrested in April Under Filipino law , plunder has a maximum penalty of death , though it is unlikely that Estrada will be given that sentence

The 2004 presidential election was widely seen as a test of legitimacy for the presidency of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo . Arroyo outlined her vision of “building a strong republic ” She articulated that a strong republic is characterized by a strong bureaucracy , low crime rate efficient collection of taxes , sustained economic growth and intensified counter terrorism efforts . To this day , her vision of a “strong republic ‘ has always been part of her government agenda . This is focused on strengthening key political institutions (through constitutional amendments ) and a strong currency and booming economy which eventually will lead to “a strong and mighty Philippine republic (http /www .news .op .gov .ph /pgma-10pt-agenda .htm

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Committee Members of the Department of History , MSU-IIT . 2006 Philippines History : A

Compilation of Readings . Department of History , MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology . Iligan City : Philippines

Encarta . 2006 . Republic of the Philippines . Encarta Online Encyclopedia . Website

http /encarta .msn .com /encyclopedia_0 /Philippines_Republic_of_th e .html

Wikipedia . 2006 . History of the Philippines . Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia

Website : http /en .wikipedia .org /wiki /History_of_the_Philippines

Zaide , Sonia M (1999 . The Philippines : A Unique Nation , All Nations Publishing . Mertro

Manila : Philippines . ISBN

PAGE

PAGE 1 … [banner_entry_footer]

Author:

This author has published 9453 articles so far. More info about the author is coming soon.
Did you like this essay sample?

You must be logged in to post a comment.