Essay Title: 

Steroids in Baseball

March 29, 2016 | Author: | Posted in health and medicine, sport

Steroid in Baseball

Introduction

The area of human endeavour that has seen most explosive growth in performance enhancing drug use is almost certainly sports . At the highest levels of competitive sports , where athletes strain to improve performances already at the limits of human ability , the temptation to use a drug that might prove an edge can be powerful . Drugs did not enter sports in a major way until the 1960s . The 1964 Olympics were probably the first in which steroids were used (Murray , 1983 ,

.24 . However , the use and abuse [banner_entry_middle]

of performance enhancing substances in international level competition was first bought to the attention of most spectators by the dramatic victory of Ben Johnson in the 100 metre dash at the 1988 Seoul Olympics . Shortly after the race came the report that Johnson had tested positive for the anabolic steroid stanozolol , a banned substance Unfortunately , despite the high pro incident of Ben Johnson incident , competitive athletes continue to experiment with substances they believe will enhance performance (Hinitz , Yesalis , Bahrke , 2002 br

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One of the baseball ‘s most troublesome issues has been the increasing use of performance enhancing drugs . Retired home slugger , Jose Canseco has claimed that 85 per cent of big leaguers use steroids and Xen Caminiti , who died in 2004 from drug overdose , stated in a highly publicised article in Sports Illustrated that the incidence of steroid use has mushroomed to 50 per cent of active players . Although other players have stated this figure to be exaggerated , the problem has become widespread within major league baseball . A well known sports orthopaedist , Dr . John Andrews asserted that there has been a dramatic rise in muscle and tendon injuries among baseball players related to the increased use of supplements creatine , human growth hormone , and steroids (Teitelbaum , 2005 ,

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The use of amphetamines in major league baseball gained substantial notoriety in 1970 when Jim Bouton , a pitcher for the New York Yankees during the 1960s and the author of highly controversial book Ball Four admitted using amphetamines and estimated that 40 of other players did as well . As with football , the size and strength of professional baseball players appear to have increased markedly during the last two decades . As a consequence , suspicions of anabolic steroid use have been dramatically soared during the last decade . In 1995 , the general manager of the San Diego Padres admitted to the prevalence of steroid use in at least 10 -20 of the league players (Hinitz , Yesalis , Bahrke , 2002 br

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Jose Canseco , who was the first player to hit 40 homers and steal 40 bases in the same year , wrote in his book `Juiced ‘ that he used steroids to help him build the muscles he needed to succeed . He also claimed that (although without proof ) many players in the game had done the same This cast grave doubts on the home run records set by Mark McGwire Sammy Sosa and Barry Bonds and others . In 2005 , the congress held a special hearing to… [banner_entry_footer]

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