STD, Sex, Drug/ Alcohol Abuse in Adolescences (ages 10-16)
A survey was made of 312 college students to determine their perceptions about peer norms in sexuality , the amount of perceived sexual content of the media they observed and the influence of the sexual content of the media on their peers . A review of available literature and specifically three studies (Cohen Shotland , 1996 , Hines , Saris Throckmorton-Belzer , 2002 , and Labert et al .2003 ) demonstrate that students systematically overestimate how liberal their peers ‘ sexual standards are . The purpose of this survey is to clarify how misperceived norms provided by sex-related information [banner_entry_middle]
in the mass media may influence college students ‘ own sexual activities . The data for this survey was generated using two multiple item scales , one designed to determine participants perceptions about normal sexual behavior in their peers and the second designed to correlate those perceptions in relationship to the sexual content of the mass media and how it affects those behaviors . These scales were created based on previous successful surveys the Attitudes Toward Sexuality Scale (ATSS : Fisher Hall 1988 for the measurement of adolescents general sexual permissiveness in which participants were asked to respond to seven statement s regarding sexual activities or related issues that were derived from this scale Modifications to the ATSS scale were minimal and changed only the focus of sexual permissiveness to what they considered normal behavior within their peer group . The 7-point response scale is marked on the left at 1 (strongly disagree ) to 7 (strongly agree ) on the right with 5 equally spaced marks across the line that separates them . These seven factors comprise a reliable composite measure for general sexual permissiveness because of the reliability of these composite measures the same model was used to determine participants ‘ perception of sexuality in the media . Modifications were slightly more extensive in the creation of the second survey which focused on sexuality in mass media and its influence on sexual behavior but the layout and manner of collecting and compilation of the data received remained consistent with the ATSS . A third questionnaire was created in to calculate participants media exposure , how much time on average they spent watching TV (M 7 .89 hrs , surfing the Internet (M 15 .2 hrs , reading various printed media (M 3 .4 hrs )and how many movies they watched per month (M 5 .5 per month
The two surveys and questionnaire were distributed and collected across the college campus with randomness consisting of those willing to participate . Only the sex and age of the participants was recorded race and religious affiliation was not recorded . The surveys collected was 312 of which a majority were from female participants (81 ) and showed an average age of 20 (M 20 , R 17-31 SD 1 .23 . The data was collected over a period of 5 days with each participant spontaneously responding at the time the surveys were received . Instruction was kept to a minimum of following directions printed on each survey and the questionnaire and anonymity was preserved by placing completed surveys in a… [banner_entry_footer]
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