Essay Title: 

Sociollogy

March 28, 2016 | Author: | Posted in international relations, social sciences

In all societies worldwide , the existence of classes has been universally evident since time immemorial . The concept of social class refers to a stratum or aggregate of persons who share more or less the same economic privileges in a society . These privileges derive largely but not exclusively from the occupation role or roles of the household breadwinners . Inherited wealth is the other major source . Furthermore it is the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures . Unlike economic position , which changes very rapidly , social classes are relatively fluid . This concept [banner_entry_middle]

of class fluidity becomes meaningful only in a dynamic industrial society where occupation roles are sharply differentiated and where new , specialized roles develop and are open to some degree of competition . In traditional societies , occupational roles as well as status tend to be determined at birth . This was the case in feudal Europe , and is still the case in most of the developing and third world countries

In a social class , the distinction between the powerful and the powerless groups is the most basic . Those social classes who acquire more power are superior to those who possess less power . Those who possess a great deal of power belong to the elite class and are known as the elites of the society they are into . Power here , is defined by Max Weber as the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance Therefore , it refers to the ability to make and implement decisions with or without the consent of those will be affected . The control of decision making is an important measure of rank in all human groups , but it is significant at the level of community and society , where those with power can determine the general life chances of those without it

Power is a reward of the stratification system in the society . It is a means for determining the distribution of other rewards ‘ Basically social stratification refers to the hierarchical arrangement of social classes , castes , and strata within a society . Although social stratification systems show great variety , all known societies have been found to be stratified on one basis or another . Among the Siriono Indians of the Brazilian jungle , the hereditary chiefs were admired as big men , able hunters , and good leaders and were accorded such privileges as having more than one wife and occupying the center of the large house in which the band lived . In modern industrial societies the crucial strata are occupational , and the in which they are ranked goes far to predict how wealth , prestige and power will be distributed . Thus , physicians and lawyers receive higher rewards in American society than clerks regardless of how well they perform their roles . Within occupational categories , those individuals who are judged most competent are likely to be most highly rewarded . This provides a general orientation to the stratification system in the American society , which is tied closely to the system of occupational… [banner_entry_footer]

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