Essay Title: 

Social Psychology

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

POPULATION AND ATTRIBUTION : A HEALTH PERSPECTIVE

2007

It takes a village

Why did this one statement – four simple words – become a pop-culture phenomenon in

the 1990s ? And why is the statement still just as relevant today ? Could it be because the idea

moves well beyond specifics into a general philosophy about the world Although this

philosophy refers to child-rearing , one would be hard-pressed to find an area of life where

community and society does not exert an influence . Whether the subject be education , politics

religion , romance , career [banner_entry_middle]

considerations , or so many others , our lives are undeniably influenced

by the world in which we live . Even our physical and emotional health – and one might contend

especially our mental and emotional health – are not immune from the effects of society . Society

has a big impact , but what happens when society itself literally becomes too big ? How does

overpopulation affect us as individuals and as a larger society ? How do we explain these effects

and how may we alter them When we think in terms of population , what factors might come to mind In one respect

we think in terms of controlling ‘ the population . Governments (such as China ) might

implement measures to limit population , while other societies and peoples might view population

growth as a trend beyond human control . Further , we might consider population growth as

unstable (erratic and subject to much change ) or as stable (if one happens to live in a country or

an area – like a small town – with a relatively consistent population Finally , we might view

population as something which greatly affects our lives (whether we live in a congested

overpopulated area or a sparse area with few social contacts ) or we could alternately view

population as having little impact on our lives . For these reasons , a study of overpopulation on

health would best be considered in terms of the attribution theories of social psychology , and in

particular the pessimistic explanatory style

What is attribution , and how does it impact us ? Attribution is a component of the larger

field of social cognition , which focuses on how people perceive both themselves and other

people . Attribution is the reasoning we give ourselves for our own behaviors and the behavior of

others . Not surprisingly , the three categorizations in which we consider attributions are

internality vs . externality , stability vs . instability , and globality vs . specificity . In other words

when we attempt to explain behaviors , we consider : a . how much control we have over the

situation b . how unpredictable and subject to change the situation is c . how many aspects of our

lives the situations affects . Social scientists have studied attribution for decades , with both short-

and long-term research studies and empirical support measures such as the Attributional Style

Question and the CAVE (Content Analysis of Verbatim Explanations technique (Oskamp

Schultz , 2000

Such research has yielded some consistent results . Foremost , individuals who view

situations as internal (uncontrollable , stable (not likely to change and global (affecting every

aspect of their life ) are dangerously vulnerable to depression… [banner_entry_footer]

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