Essay Title: 

Short Answer Essays

April 2, 2016 | Author: | Posted in law, legal issues

The purpose of parole is to allow offenders to reintegrate into and become valuable members of our communities (Gondles , 2003 Offenders serve a prearranged amount of the sentence , and then meet with a parole board to determine if they ‘re ready to be released . The parole board reviews a report that details the prisoner ‘s social , criminal medical , psychological , institutional adjustment , and alcohol and drug use histories (Parole division , 2006 ) Once released , prisoners are required to meet with parole officers in to determine if they ‘re meeting the terms of the parole [banner_entry_middle]

(keeping a job , staying away from other offenders , living in a pre-determined area

The most frequent complaint about the parole process is that prisoners are released back to the same environment from which they came , and this makes it more likely for the parolee to re-offend and end up back in prison . In fact , some parolees are required to live in low-income , high-crime areas where they are most likely to fall in with other criminals . More importantly , it is difficult for any individual with a prison record to find a job , and parole boards offer no assistance in this task

Parole boards , under current guidelines , are not qualified to determine if a prisoner is ready for release . In Washington , D .C . in 1998 , the parole board was under censure due to the fact that they had released a prisoner on parole that prisoner committed a crime , and the parole board failed to put the offender back in prison . The offender subsequently killed a young woman . During his investigation , Supreme Court Chief Judge Eugene Hamilton determined , failed to regularly issue parole violation warrants on parolees charged with additional crimes . He also found that the parole board gave erroneous information and 20 percent of parolees were charged with serious crimes within 50 days of being placed on parole (Keary , 1998

Judges make sentencing decisions based , in part , on a presentencing investigation . The purpose is to measure the risk that the offender will commit additional crimes . This investigation is usually conducted by the prosecutor ‘s office , but on occasion the parole board will conduct an independent investigation While the specific contents of this investigation varies from state to state , in general , the investigation report usually includes the following information : a of the crime any prior criminal record information on the offender ‘s marital status and family any impact statement from the victim information on employment and economic status , education , substance-abuse history , and mental and physical health (Corrections : definitions glossary , 2001

The circumstances surrounding the commission of a crime are usually referred to as aggravating or mitigating circumstances (Champion , 1994 br

. 39 . An aggravating circumstance would be a particularly brutal attack a mitigating circumstance would be if the offender was mentally ill at the time of the crime . If the offender has a prior criminal record , this provides proof that the offender is likely to re-offend if released . An impact statement from the victim is intended to impress upon the… [banner_entry_footer]

Author:

This author has published 9453 articles so far. More info about the author is coming soon.
Did you like this essay sample?

You must be logged in to post a comment.