Sectionalism in the U.S. before the Civil War
The period of time that existed between the end of the American Revolution and the end of the 19th century saw the great migrations and expansions into Indian land that would ultimately result in the establishment of what is now known as the lower 48 states . This expansion was hardly indicative of a benign campaign as it was marked by a series of wars with Indians , Mexicans and other groups
The pioneers who explored this uncharted land that comprised the lower 48 states faced a series of challenges that not only included the [banner_entry_middle]
br clashes with the indigenous populations they encountered , but also with the uncertainty of the elements and terrain . However , these pioneers did trudge forward and established what we now know today as the United States . A closer examination of the positives and negatives of the pioneers ‘ expansions is required in to get a clearer understanding of what occurred in the founding of the United States prior to 1877
In to understand some of the conflict that existed between white settlers and indigenous populations at the time , one needs to examine the words of John Filson in The Adventures of Daniel Boone ‘ where he chronicles his capture by Indians and his subsequent escape . Now whether this actually happened or Filson is making up lore is purely conjecture , however , his statements that the land was not a land understood by the white man is quite telling (pg 177 ) as it essentially is an admission that the future expansions by white settlers would bring about conflict . However , Filson ‘s s come off somewhat napve as he does not appear to hint at confrontation , although , in fairness it is likely that Filson may not have foreseen brutal military incursions against the Indians . Filson does acknowledge in his writings that the land was rich in valuable resources and clearly stresses that the acquisition of these resources would be beneficial to white settlers . After all , there would be no way to survive in this new land unless the settlers were able to harvest the bounty of the land in which they traveled upon . From this notion , then , it is clear where the seeds of conflict between settlers and Indians would be planted
Why did the settlers opt to embark on a path of such conflict ? While in later years , the expansions into Indian territories were marked more by deliberate , military imperialism , early settler expansions were more designed out of a desire to provide a better life for people who were overcrowded within the confines of an ambivalent , industrial North . Many times , when settlers moved westward , there was great scarcity in terms of available food items and sources . Justice William Cooper ‘s A Guide to the Wilderness ‘ acknowledges the issue of scarcity in the following passage : the scarcity of provisions was a serious calamity the country was mountainous and there were no roads or provisions .but the greatest discouragement was the extreme poverty of the people .they had neither provisions to take with… [banner_entry_footer]
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