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Report 1: Botany of a City Atlanta, Georgia

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in health and medicine

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The story of each community can be determined by its plant life . Plant life can

determine what will inhabit the area and what the economy will thrive on . Atlanta , Georgia

is no exception . When the first European explorers reached the upper Piedmont of Georgia

it was already inhabited by Creek Indians , also known as the Muskogee The Creek Indians

believed that there were supernatural powers attributed to [banner_entry_middle]

all natural things . They used

many plants in healing the sick and also believed that there were plants that would provide

them with greater hunting powers . The majority of Creek territory was located in the hilly

Piedmont . The vegetation was an oak-pine forest , composed of a mixed growth of oak , pine

sassafras , chestnut , and hickory trees . In Indian Territory , Creek lands were a mosaic of oak

woodland , tall-grass prairie , and bottomland hardwood forest changing to a mixed long and

short-grass prairie on the western periphery of their region . The bulk of the area

encompassed a forested belt known as the Cross Timbers

Creek Indians chose to settle in stream bottomlands , and tried to avoid the heavily

timbered and tall-grass prairie areas . They favored areas that provided reliable wood qand

water sources . Limited agriculture , widespread livestock husbandry , and increasingly

dispersed tribal towns continued to characterize the Creek landscape (Swanton , 2000

This inhabitation of the Creek Indians extended into the early 1800s The Decatur

area was treatied over from the Creeks in 1820 . Many people assume that Native Americans

left the forests virtually untouched however , this is not true . Native Americans cleared

farmed , and burned the landscape of Georgia , in some areas greatly impacting and changing

the natural landscape . In the Atlanta area , indigenous populations apparently never attained

sizable numbers . Therefore , their influence on the present Atlanta landscape probably was

minimal (Swanton , 2000

Many plants native to the Atlanta area were used by both the Indians and others for

their medicinal value . The cornus florida (Dogwood tree ) is a flowering tree that will reach

a height of 25 feet at maturity with a 25 foot spread . A variety of Dogwood trees can be

found throughout the country , but the red Dogwood is more common to the southern regions

of the country . The red Dogwood grows in acidic , loamy , moist , rich sandy , well drained

clay soils . The red Dogwood has red blooms that appear in the spring This tree has glossy

red fruit eaten by birds when ripened in the fall . Flowering dogwood was used medicinally

by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its

astringent and antiperiodic properties . The dried root-bark is antiperiodic , astringent

diaphoretic , mildly stimulant and tonic . The flowers are said to have similar properties . A

tea or tincture of the astringent root bark has been used as a quinine substitute to treat

malaria and also in the treatment of chronic diarrhea . The bark has also been used as… [banner_entry_footer]

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