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April 2, 2016 | Author: | Posted in literature and language, shakespeare

Samuel Barclay Beckett (12 April 1906 to 22 December1989 ) was an Irish dramatist , novelist and poet . Beckett ‘s work is stark , fundamentally minimalist , and , according to some interpretations , deeply pessimistic about the human condition . The perceived pessimism is mitigated both by a great and often wicked sense of humour , and by the sense , for some readers , that Beckett ‘s portrayal of life ‘s obstacles serves to demonstrate that the journey , while difficult , is ultimately worth the effort . Similarly , many posit that Beckett ‘s expressed “pessimism ” is not so much for the human [banner_entry_middle]

condition but for that of an established cultural and societal structure which imposes its stultifying will upon otherwise hopeful individuals it is the inherent optimism of the human condition , therefore , that is at tension with the oppressive world . His later work explores his themes in an increasingly cryptic and attenuated style . He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1969 “for his writing , which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation

Beckett ‘s attempt to capture the process of creation of a text requires the dramatic structure of endless repetitions . The endless repetition in Beckett ‘s plays can be seen as a quest for the true text where a character gropes for his true “self ” Repetition is not only a technique in Beckett it is also a theme , which means that repetition is spoken of repeatedly . Thus was read in his 1961 novel Comment c ‘est (How It Is He sings yes always the same song pause SAME SONG , words that echo what the narrator of the story L ‘Expulse (1945 , The Expelled ) had said of any table he could possibly tell : You will see how alike

Now in this essay , we will critically analyse implementation of Beckett ‘s repetition philosophy that mainly appeared in his following short plays


Play ‘ was written between 1962 and 1963 and first produced in German as Spiel on June 14 , 1963 at the Ulmer Theatre in Ulm-Donau , Germany The first performance in English was in 1964 at the Old Vic in London

The curtain rises on two women and a man (referred to only as W1 , W2 and M , in a row along the front of the stage with their heads sticking out of the tops of large urns , the rest of their bodies unexposed . They remain like this for the play ‘s duration . At the commencement and the conclusion of the play , all three characters speak , in what Beckett terms a “chorus , but in the main the play is made up of short sometimes broken sentences spoken by one character at a time . Over the course of the play , it becomes apparent that the man has betrayed Woman 1 , or W1 , by having an affair with Woman 2 . The three characters speak of the affair from their respective points of view on the matter , in an almost contrapuntal manner . Near the end of the script , there is the terse… [banner_entry_footer]


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