Essay Title: 

Race, Racism and Ethnicity

April 2, 2016 | Author: | Posted in anthropology, life sciences


Race , Racism and Ethnicity

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Race , Racism and Ethnicity

Ethnic identity is the basis for understanding the dynamics of contemporary political transformation , but not a lot of study has been done to figure how to evaluate ethnic identity and even less debate on the assumptions of these measurements for understanding ethnic conflict

Ethnic identity is used as an illustrative variable in the experiential analysis of political behaviour and attitudes , but its characteristics are hardly ever researched [banner_entry_middle]

. The effortless method of putting people into an ethnic classes (e .g , Hispanic , African American , Russian frequently through their own self-identification , appears so evident and appropriate that researchers often follow this method and few reveal upon its insinuation . Yet ethnic categorization by classes believes that ethnic identity is highly relevant to group members , and it overlooks slight shade of ethnic identity . It gives us no sense of degree to which recognition may be salient or of no consequence to group members , and it makes it difficult to describe within-group differences and heterogeneity

The contact of ethnic individuality on manners depends , in a complex way , upon the significance of ethnic individuality . If ethnic identity is of no importance for the groups within a region , and there are no other diversities between the groups , then there should be no inter-group or within-group diversities in behaviours . The `standard attitude for each group should be the similar , and there should be no relationship between different stages of ethnic identity and attitudes within the groups

The literature on “ethnicity ” and “ethnic conflict ” still fails to produce either explanatory accuracy or usable empirical referents for the study of either phenomenon . This article offers a critique of the key literature on these subjects and a propositional inventory summarizing points of scholarly agreement , a discussion of the empirical problems that face scholars in this field , and , finally , a general model for the analysis of particular , ethnic conflicts , including consideration of the correlative tangents of resolution intervention

The Salience of Definitions

Ethnic identity provides an individual with a sense of historical continuity to life , a continuity based on preconscious of traditionally held patterns of thinking , feeling , and behaving that is the cornerstone of a sense of belonging (Arce , 1982 , pp . 137-138 . Moreover , ethnic identity is a complex and multidimensional construct that can encompass such factors as ethnic identity formation , ethnic identification language , self-esteem , degree of ethnic consciousness , and the ethnic unconscious , among others

Many researches have been made relating to the identity formation of Chicano , Mexican American , and Latino youth . Bernal , Knight , Organista Garza , and Maez (1987 ) reported on the conceptualisation and measurement of ethnic identity in Mexican American preschool children . In their study , the children responded to an ethnic identity questionnaire that covered items such as ethnic label , ethnic grouping , ethnic self-identification , their own ethnic behaviours , and those of the group . Bernal et al (1987 ) found that the children ‘s self-s about ethnic identity were concrete and global and… [banner_entry_footer]


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