Essay Title: 

Published Measure of Self Efficacy Rafael

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

Reason for choosing article

One measure of self-efficacy that has proven to be both valid and reliable is one used in measuring the confidence of a group of Chinese Americans in their ability to provide themselves with low-fat meals that are tasty , affordable , and easy to prepare . This is called the dietary self efficacy measure . The article containing this measure , Influence of Self-Efficacy on Fat-Related Dietary Behavior in Chinese Americans by Doreen Liu (2004 , was chosen first of all because it was peer reviewed . This means that its contents were strictly scrutinized [banner_entry_middle]

and judged by a body of highly educated and (most likely ) unbiased professional scientists before it was published . The other reason for choosing it is that it contains both an extensive literature review as well as a relatively detailed discussion of the reliability and validity of the measures used in the test . Furthermore , the self-efficacy measure was the main focus of the article and not merely an instrument to facilitate other research

Literature reviewed by article

In the article ‘s review of literature , Liu demonstrates the importance of self efficacy by referring to other hypotheses , research methodologies , and studies that have shown that this measure has a significant influence on people ‘s desire and ability to adhere to certain tasks . Liu begins with Bandura (1986 , the first proponent of self efficacy as an indication of one ‘s choices , who is quoted describing self efficacy as being concerned not with the skills one has , but with the judgments of what one can do with whatever skills one possesses (1986

. 391 . Liu then goes on to explore research that leads her finally to a conclusion that self efficacy is a strong predictor of human behaviors that are related to health . The particular self efficacy measure chosen by this researcher is reviewed to have been able to predict much of behavioral variability in those who seek to control their fat-related dietary intake . Liu cites research by Parcel et al (1995 ) and by Oka Chaboyer (2001 ) in which self efficacy measures of dietary control were constructed . These measures contained nine scales reflecting six constructs of the model (Liu , 2004 . This was the way in which the authors of these researches were able to control the reliability of their self efficacy measure . Through the use of multiple scales , they were able to control for the effects of certain biases that may have existed in each , and they were also able to check the results of the different measures against each other to determine the consistency of results

Development of self-efficacy instrument

The development of the particular self-efficacy instrument used in Doreen Liu ‘s study was based on the measures used in previous research though some modifications were added in to make the measure specific to the group of Chinese Americans being tested (2004 . The initial self-efficacy measure used was developed by Kristal , Shattuck and Henry (1990 , and in its modified version it contained 21 items (questions ) that covered five areas of… [banner_entry_footer]


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