Essay Title: 

public setor reform and management

March 30, 2016 | Author: | Posted in public administration, social sciences

I

The Main Features of New Public Management

Introduction

The drive towards public administration reform has been a global phenomenon for the past three decades and as a result , public administration /management has undergone substantial changes both in developed and developing countries (Wilson et al , 2002 Sarker 2006 Carter et al (1992 ) assert that just as the French Revolution can be precisely located in history , the drive towards what now constitutes the New Public Management , or the Thatcher Managerial Revolution , to use the words of the authors , could be precisely [banner_entry_middle]

dated to begin in May of 1982 (Carter et al , 1992 . From what began on that fateful day , in the UK with the sending of Treasury note to a host of government departments announcing several landmark decisions (Carter et al , 1992 , the New Public Management (NPM ) has evolved to become a global drive for more efficiency and effectiveness in governance through the transfer and implementation of private sector modes of organisation and governance in the public sector

This essay therefore intends to describe the major features of the New Public Management , with a view to understanding the major driving factors behind the increasing popularity of this governance paradigm

Why NPM

Considering the fact that the traditional model of public administration has been an important factor in the transformation of the economies of several countries , developed and developing one might be tempted to ask the obvious question – why the need for a new public management model As set out by Max Weber , who is generally accepted to have invented the traditional public administration model late in the nineteenth century the traditional model was an interventionist approach . Its main features included a policy – administration dichotomy , rule based administration meritocracy , career system , impersonality , division of labour (Peters 1996 cited in Sarker 2006 . In the periods prior to the 1960s , this approach to government yielded results in several countries , however times have change . The 1970s saw an increasing criticism of the traditional public administration model for a couple of factors

Carter et al (1992 ) explain that the criticism of the traditional model of governance , and hence the invention of the New Public Management , was in part a response to the growth in scope and scale of government ‘s activity globally . In their opinion , during this period , government became both bigger and more complicated resulting in less transparency less efficiency and a perceived lack of control and accountability Minogue (1998 ) contend that government under the traditional model became too involved in too many activities despite the availability of alternative means of provision of these activities , resulting in inflation , excessive costs and excessive bureaucracies in government Hughes (1998 , on the other hand , argues that the traditional government model was too inefficient , too costly , rigid , corrupt , unaccountable and out of tune with the present ‘jet age . From the foregoing , it is apparent that the New Public Management was a model of governance much awaited and appreciated

Features of NPM

The New Public Management was an approach… [banner_entry_footer]

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