Essay Title: 

posttraumatic stress dis

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

Post-Traumatic Stress Dis

Adopted by the American Psychiatric Association as part of its official diagnostics as recently as 1980 , post-traumatic stress dis (PTSD or post-traumatic stress syndrome is a mental dis that follows an occurrence of extreme psychological stress (Young 3 . This kind of stress may have been experienced in war or resulted from violence terrorist acts , childhood abuse , sexual abuse , physical abuse , severe emotional abuse , death of loved ones , or serious accidents . Most of the time , it is a traumatic event that triggers the post-traumatic stress syndrome , hence the word [banner_entry_middle]

trauma ‘ The stressful event that triggers the post-traumatic stress syndrome is typically followed by a period of emotional numbness , when the patient unconsciously refuses to express sadness or anxiety concerning the event . Denial also follows , seeing that the patient refuses to emotionally and rationally accept the occurrence of the event . These conditions may last for months or years after the traumatic event (The Columbia Encyclopedia

The initial symptoms of PTSD , namely emotional numbness and denial of the stressful event , do not appear too harmful . Yet the effects of the trauma are normally far reaching . The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Diss ‘ published by the World Health Organization , Geneva , 1992 , is the European of the dis According to this

[Post-traumatic stress dis] arises as a delayed and /or protracted response to a stressful

event or situation (either short- or long-lasting ) of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic

nature , which is likely to cause pervasive distress in almost anyone , e .g . natural or man-made

disaster , combat , serious accident , witnessing the violent death of others , or being the victim


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of torture , terrorism , rape , or other crime (Internet Mental Health

The effects of a traumatic event do not end with the initial symptoms of the post-traumatic stress dis . Following the period in which the initial symptoms of PTSD show up , other symptoms may begin . These may include episodes of repetitive reliving of the trauma in intrusive memories known as flashbacks , and recurring nightmares that occur against the persistent backdrop of a sense of numbness or emotional blunting . Other symptoms are short-term memory problems , insomnia , and heightened sensitivity to sudden noises . Eruptions of violent behavior have also been observed in patients suffering from this dis . In addition , patients may feel a sense of detachment from other people experience unresponsiveness to surroundings , anhedonia , and conscious avoidance of activities and situations that are reminiscent of the stressful event . Patients suffering from PTSD commonly fear and avoid cues that remind them of the original trauma . They may also experience dramatic and acute bursts of fear or panic , triggered by stimuli that arouse a sudden recollection or a reenactment of the stressful event , or of the original reaction to it (The Columbia Encyclopedia Internet Mental Health

People that suffer from PTSD are usually treated with individual psychotherapy , including anxiety management , or group psychotherapy with other patients suffering from the same dis . In addition , certain anti-anxiety and antidepressant drugs are currently being… [banner_entry_footer]


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