Review of the Geological Events at Pompeii in 79 A .D
Pompeii is one of the most famous catastrophes in the annals of History . Pompeii was located in the Campania region , near the modern day city of Naples . Above Pompeii stood Mount Vesuvius . In 79 A .D August 24th , Mount Vesuvius erupted after signs of activities were seen a few days before . The city was buried under tons of ash , burying the city several meters deep . The city laid undisturbed for 1600 years until it was accidentally discovered in 1748 . The [banner_entry_middle]
city was found in a very well preserved condition due to the protective layers of ash . This site revealed many details about the people who lived there . It was particularly important historically because Pompeii yielded fascinating clues about life at the height of the Roman Empire . The town had been founded in the 6th century B .C . by the Osci of Central Italy . The Greeks as well as the Phoenicians used this port very often . When the Etruscans launched an attack , the Pompeiians allied themselves with the Greeks to defend the city . In the 5th century B .C , the city was conquered by the Samnites , a people originally from the southern Apennines in Italy . Campania became the western part of their territory . In 80 B .C , Pompeii was conquered by Rome who transformed into an important port for the receipt of goods that were subsequently sent to Rome . After the city was annexed to the Roman Empire , it underwent a reorganization of its infrastructure , adding the essential characteristics of a Roman city . It finally featured a temple , a forum an amphitheater , stores , markets , bath houses , and vacation villas on the outskirts of the city . In fact , Pompeii especially prospered during the Augustian period because it became a favorite sea vacation resort for the Romans . The Pompeiians had been familiar with tremors before the main eruption . Pliny the Younger reported that people did not feel in any dangers from the tremors (Pliny , Radice , 1969 ) Unfortunately in 62 A .D , a devastating earthquake destroyed a large portion of Pompeii . In fact , archeologists found that reconstruction had been initiated between 62 and 79 A .D (Zarmati , 2005 ) Evidently , geological events had been taking place during that time underneath the region The scope of this review is to characterize these events and place them within the historical context found above
As mentioned above , Pliny the Younger was an eyewitness to the disaster and wrote about his experience in letters that were addressed to a friend of his Tacitus Cornelius . In his first letter , he reported ‘ On Mount Vesuvius broad sheets of fire and leaping flames blazed at several points , their bright glare emphasized by the darkness of night ) By this time the courtyard giving access to his [Pliny ‘s uncle] room was full of ashes mixed with pumice stones ) for the buildings were now shaking with violent shocks , and seemed to be swaying to and fro as if they were torn from… [banner_entry_footer]
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