Essay Title: 

Nature vs. Nurture debate

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

NATURE VS . NURTURE : It ‘s in the genes

Is human development primarily the result of nature (biological forces ) or nurture (environmental forces ? The differences among men are due to differences in germ cells with which they were born (Wiggam 1923 ,

. 42 . This supports this theory because the author believes that one ‘s innate characteristics and personality are ingrained in the cells and sinews of one ‘s biological make-up

Explanation of the interaction of heredity and environment is not a simple matter . Hereditary factors operate from the moment of conception in [banner_entry_middle]

determining the features of human growth and development . Our current understanding of human genetics makes it fairly clear that many human physical traits are inherited . We know that genetic factors are involved in the development of the human body from the time of conception However , we do not fully understand the scientific mechanisms of the interaction of genetic and environmental factors in controlling human growth and development

Primarily , nature is more significant than nurture . The biological argument runs like this Proposition 1 : Each individual is born with genetically determined characteristic patterns of responding to the environment and to other people . Virtually every researcher who studies temperament shares the assumption that temperamental qualities are inborn and carried in the genes . The idea here is not so very different from the notion of inborn biases ‘ or constraint . Antisocial personality dis often arises from genetic . Dr . Dorothy Otnow Lewis (cited in Restak , 1988 :282 , Professor of Psychiatry at the New York University School of Medicine , found that delinquent boys who later became murderers showed patterns of aggressive and sometimes violent behavior in childhood , as well as other factors : close relatives with psychotic illness , severe parental abuse , major neurological impairments , and a history of head injury

Biological children of psychopathic parents more often exhibit a psychopathic syndrome than do offspring of non psychopathic parents Therefore , hormonal excretions that relate to psychopath may have a genetic link . The production of epinephrine (adrenaline ) is severely limited in psychopaths . This connects with the ever present problem of boredom faced by psychopaths . David Myers states that we can trace many of psychology ‘s current questions back through the history of human beings . Myers explains how these early thinkers sought answers on how the mind works , and how the bodies relate to the minds (Myers , 2004

Indeed , biological characteristics play a dominant role in the human behavior . Yet , these two approaches can still complement each other having their own value and advantages . Efforts must be geared towards the advantages of each and gain optimum results


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Myers , D (2004 . Exploring Psychology sixth edition . Worth Publishers

Parke , R .D . Exploring family relationships with other with other social contexts

Hillsdale , NJ . ErlBaum . 1984

Wiggam , A .E . The new Decalogue of science . Indianapolis Bobbs-Merrill . 1923… [banner_entry_footer]


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