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Martin Luther King Jr. : Nonviolence Essay

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history

NON-VIOLENCE ESSAY – Martin Luther King , Jr

Martin Luther King , Jr . Beliefs

According to About .Com , Dr . Martin Luther King , Jr . was born in 1929 in Atlanta Georgia . His father was the pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta , and later on , he himself became the preacher of a Baptist church in Montgomery , Alabama . He led the famous Black Boycotts between 1955-1956 against the segregation in city buses . His policy of nonviolent resistance culminated in the March on Washington ‘ in August of 1963 , with more than 200 ,000 African-Americans joining the [banner_entry_middle]

protest , calling for equal civil rights for all . This again was able to bring worldwide attention to his cause . In 1964 , he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize . In 1964 , Congress finally passed the Civil Rights Act , which essentially prohibited discrimination against any person on the basis of race , color , religion and national origin in restaurants hotels , motels , and also prohibited discrimination in employment on the basis of the same factors mentioned above

Dr . King finds that his present actions are inspired divinely . These clergymen , unwise and untimely , referred to his actions , as a new mayor had just been elected in Birmingham , and it is believed that these clergymen wanted to wait for a while and observe what the new mayor was going to do . Dr . King described Birmingham as the most violent city in the United States of America with respect to the disregard for the rights of the African-American at that time . He makes mention of biblical passages where equally inspired men left their own homes and comfort zones to preach the gospel of Christ to the far corners of the world . Dr . King also stressed the interrelatedness of communities and states (Dr . King ‘s letter . Any event that occurs in one part of the world somehow affects each and every other state to a certain extent Hence this spurred his desire for direct action as a form of protest against discrimination of blacks in the United States

He then replied to the clergymen ‘s charge that the demonstrations were not the solution to their problems , stating that the Negro community in fact had no other alternatives , as racial injustice was becoming too far widespread and that many cities were becoming too segregated . He went on to give particular examples of violence against the Negroes lynching , drowning , kicking , beating , on the physical side , and the deprivation of education thereafter economic opportunities on the economic side . He tells how it feels to be called nigger (Dr King ‘s letter , and to have such an overwhelming sense of helplessness to the point of despair

In the same letter he outlines the four steps in any non-violent campaign . The first is the collection of facts to determine if the injustices done are really existent . He enumerates the facts of the case : bombings against Negro communities , the violence against Negroes and the like . Next , he mentions the need for negotiation , and in the letter it is stated that their group had… [banner_entry_footer]

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