Although it is my opinion that children and adults differ in the degree to which methods facilitate their learning , I still think that both have the ability to profit from the use of those similar methods . Such strategies as rehearsal and repetition seem to work especially well with children , though less so with adults . I believe this has to do with the fact that children naturally find repetition a diverting exercise , while adults generally dislike doing it . Motivation , therefore , plays a major role in the success of both learners
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learning as metaphors and imagery would appear to have similar effects on both adults and children . It would seem to me that these methods would work better with adults , who are likely to already possess a schema for much of what is being learned and would thereby be able to make better connections . However , I once read of such learning inhibitors as interference (especially in adult language learning , in which prior knowledge of a language and expectations about learning get in the way of the information to be assimilated (August , 2006
Motivation is also a critical aspect of learning (Zhao Mogan , 2004 Adults tend to be more motivated when learning , and therefore , in such cases will be able to benefit from methods that might otherwise not be conducive to adult learning . I think the efficacy of such methods as repetition is dependent on the person ‘s willingness to do it . A motivated adult would therefore benefit from repetition as a learning method . For example , a few summers ago I tried to learn German , and even though I stopped after a few months , I find that the motivation I had at the time caused me to learn quite a few vocabulary words via repetition This is the same method I used as a child while learning Spanish in high school . As an adult , my motivation was to communicate with a Swiss friend whom I was tutoring as a child , it was to continue getting some of the highest Spanish grades in my class . Both experiences suggest to me that children and adults tend to learn in similar ways
August , G (2006 . So , what ‘s behind adult English second-language reading ‘ Bilingual Research Journal . 30 (2 , 245-264
Zhao Morgan (2004 . Consideration of Age in L2 Attainment – Children , Adolescents and Adults ‘ Asian EFL Journal . 6 (4 , 1-13
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