Essay Title: 

International Relations

March 30, 2016 | Author: | Posted in international relations, social sciences

The Role of the United Nations in the Gulf War Concerning Multilateralism If we take into consideration how John Gerard Ruggie ‘s concept of multilateralism , we can begin to understand the role of the United Nations as a multilateral institution . To start , the widely know of multilateralism refers to multiple countries working together in some form of an institution , or organization , for the common welfare of the international community

Ruggie states that multilateralism is a generic institutional form of modern institutional life ‘ Under Ruggie ‘s concept of multilateralism an institution , such [banner_entry_middle]

as the United Nations , is obligated to respond to threatened or actual aggression first by diplomatic means , then through economic sanctions , and finally by collective use of force , if necessary (Ruggie , 1983

Ruggie ‘s concept states that the distinction of multilateralism is not just in the coordination of national policies , but also that it uses certain principles of relations among groups of three or more states

Robert Hutchings (2003 ) stated The character or peacekeeping had grown much harder : whereas before the United Nations had been called in to keep peace between two parties who wanted it preserved , the UN was now brought in to make peace between warring factions that were not yet committed to reconciliation ‘ Using the United Nations as the main form of multilateralism we can infer that the United Nation ‘s peacekeeping including disarmament , mediation and monitoring , allows countries to help the United States and its responsibilities for keeping peace world-wide

During the time of Bush , Sr , a review of the United States ‘ role in multilateral peace operations took place largely due to the fast expansion of United Nations operations . Before the Gulf War , the United States and the United Nations would frequently disagree on numerous issues . After the beginning of the Gulf War , however , the United States and the United Nations joined forces to rid the Middle East of Saddam Hussein . This convergence caused the United Nations to be viewed as an instrument of American foreign policy (Pubantz Moore , Jr 2003 ) The United Nations did have one unpleasant side . The United Nations has frequently served as a flexible excuse for the failures of its member states

The success of the United Nations ‘ authorization regarding Iraq in 1991 renewed optimism toward the United Nations . The five permanent members now cooperated in efforts to address an ever wider array of threats to international peace and security (Durch , 1996

When Hussein invaded , the United Nations passed resolution after resolution , demanding Iraq ‘s troops to withdraw . When it was clear of Hussein ‘s intentions , the United Nations authorized the attacks that were necessary

Unlike the current war in Iraq , the first Persian Gulf War was fought with the unwavering support of the United Nations . Bush , Sr , did not engage in war without informing the international community as a whole Saddam Hussein was given ample opportunity to withdraw before any attacks were initiated

After Iraq had been driven out of Kuwait , the United Nations Security Council passed resolutions that… [banner_entry_footer]


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