Essay Title: 

Indigenous People

March 28, 2016 | Author: | Posted in anthropology, life sciences

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Indigenous People

The contemporary Caribbean comprises a fascinating variety of peoples cultures , customs , and political systems . It has been fashioned from the legacies of an indigenous Caribbean culture , centuries of European colonialism , and the indelible experiences of African slavery and the plantation system with its horrible history of the exploitation of various peoples in various forms of servitude . Yet , in many ways , the history of any part of the Americas cannot be [banner_entry_middle]

written without the history of the Caribbean . If not geographically and geologically , surely historically the Caribbean represents the proscenium of modern American history . In history and culture , one can almost truly say , America began there

The Caribbean islands were colonized about 6 ,000 years ago and since then have experienced several large migrations of people from the surrounding mainlands . There has also been considerable movement and interaction among peoples within the archipelago . The earliest evidence of human colonization of the Caribbean is found in Cuba , Haiti , and the Dominican Republic , where sites have been dated to around 3500-4000 B .C The flaked-stone tools at these early sites are similar to those from sites on the Yucatbn peninsula , which suggests that the earliest migrants may have come from the west across the Yucatbn Channel or via other routes from Central America . These people hunted , fished , and gathered the wild plants and animals of the sea and island interiors (Samuel M . Wilson , 1997

As far as is known , they did not cultivate food crops . People moving from the mainland to the Antilles had to make substantial changes in their ways of getting food . As in most island settings , these islands plants and animals were different from those of the mainland . In particular , there were fewer large land mammals . To survive in the new environments , each group of immigrants who came into the Antilles had to adapt their economy to the island ecosystems (Samuel M . Wilson , 1997

By around 2000 B .C . a number of regional archaeological variants–distinguished by their different kinds of stone tools and other artifacts–had developed in Cuba and Hispaniola , a process that also occurred later in Puerto Rico . The economy of these descendants of the earliest immigrants was still based on hunting , fishing , and collecting wild resources . The elaborate ground-stone artifacts they made included decorated bowls , pendants , axes , and other objects Another group of nonhorticultural migrants moved into the Caribbean sometime before 2000 B .C , this time from the northeast coast of South America . They moved through the Lesser Antilles , occupying many of the islands , and into Puerto Rico traces of their small settlements are scattered today throughout many of the Lesser Antilles . Some of the raw material they used in making their articles , such as chert or flint , are distributed widely in the Caribbean , a fact demonstrating that these islanders were competent ocean travelers . The population size of these preceramic mi- grants was never very large , but they may… [banner_entry_footer]


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