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March 29, 2016 | Author: | Posted in ethnic and area studies, social sciences

Mexican Immigrants

November 28 , 2006

The number of Mexican immigrants , both legal and illegal , in California today is quite staggering . Amidst the terrorist threat issues and various biological scares , these immigrants have changed the economy of California completely

The state of California once boasted a healthy employment market for immigrants , as well as natives . Now , the economy of California is in recession , along with the rest of the United States . According to the California Employment Development Department , unemployment numbers rose to 4 .5 percent in October , which is a rise [banner_entry_middle]

from the 2 .1 percent a year ago . Of the thousands of jobs lost in September and October , over half were in hospitality , service , and construction (The Waiting Game , 2006

As a result of the drop in employment , Mexican immigrants are struggling to survive . Most immigrants are in the United States to make a better life for their families , who are often still in Mexico . They work and earn wages to pay their living expenses here , and the rest is sent back to their families . Most have now taken to the streets to stand and wait for a job opportunity . Undocumented seasonal workers are the most vulnerable . They make up 8 .5 percent of the and they have to resort to sleeping in parks and under bridges

According to Martha Sanchez-Gomez , a specialist from the Social Research Institute of the Nacional Autonomous University of Mexico , said that immigrants suffer discrimination and social vulnerabilities . She also states that permanent immigrants make up 61 .6 percent of the while those who travel back and forth between here and Mexico represent 28 .8 percent . The latter are those who work with the high seasons , when the demand for workers is higher (Mexidata .Info-July 2005

The adult immigrants are not the only ones who suffer . The numbers of children that have had no formal education before immigration is outrageous . These children fall far behind the children of other California residents . Tied in with the uneducated parents , they struggle just to get through day to day life . Ms . Sanchez-Gomez states that statistically , 3 .2 percent of adult immigrants have had no schooling , whereas 66 .6 percent have a maximum of six year of education The majority of the farm workers are young men with very low levels of education . About 10 percent are women , who prefer jobs as hotel chambermaids or as domestic workers , or to do cleaning work in nearby restaurants

It is widely believed that Mexican immigrants should be allowed to become United States citizens on the conditions that they pass the citizenship tests and that they cooperate with local government . While this is an opportunity for them , it leaves a gapping whole in local economies as well as the nation ‘s economy

There are several views , both pros and cons , to letting Mexican immigrants stay in the United States . There is a heated debate taking place now that , if solved , will provide some general laws that are more defined than what they… [banner_entry_footer]


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