Essay Title: 

How to abandon nuclear weapon from North Korea

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in political science, social sciences

North Korea ‘s nuclear programme was the focus of large international attention during 1994 when North Korea and the United States appeared on the brink of war . The 1994 Agreed Framework avoided a military clash and sought to halt North Korea ‘s plutonium programme . However , during October 2002 US officials were forced to acknowledge that during all this time North Korea was involved in implementation of prohibited uranium enrichment programme . Despite all the protests voiced by the world community , North Korea kept on developing its nuclear programme which finally was crowned with [banner_entry_middle]

atom bomb test held on October 09 , 2006 By this test North Korea broke the moratorium on nuclear testing . Before that , in July 2006 North Korea launched seven missiles , including long-range Taepodong-2 , whereby it broke the missile moratorium on long-range tests . These two facts together with multiplicity of cases of neglect of international agreements , overall bellicosity and unexpectedness create for North Korea an image of extremely dangerous country not only for its immediate neighbors (South Korea and Japan ) and the U .S . but also for the whole world . Taking this into account we have every reason to believe that there is only one way to abandon nuclear weapon from North Korea : an immediate military attack against nuclear and missile facilities of North Korea . The develops the arguments to support this statement

First of all it is necessary to recall the significant role of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in keeping world . This treaty is an important precaution measure against the use of weapon of mass destruction in international conflicts settlement . As the most widely accepted arms-control agreement , the NPT attempts to codify the prevention of arms proliferation among states . Since its creation in 1970 , the NPT has been accepted by 187 states . Only India , Pakistan , and Israel have failed to sign , and North Korea has withdrawn . Under the NPT , the five declared nuclear weapons states–the United States , the United Kingdom , Russia , France , and China – agree to not assist other states in acquiring nuclear weapons . Non-weapons states are obligated not to pursue nuclear weapons and can individually allow the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ) to inspect their nuclear facilities . All states are forbidden to supply certain nuclear-related weapons or materials to others unless they are under safeguards . Only peaceful nuclear technology such as energy technology is allowed under the NPT . To induce states to abide by its terms , the NPT relies on nuclear safeguards – agreements that allow the IAEA to make routine inspections . IAEA inspectors can report NPT violations to the United Nations , which can then enact sanctions and other measures . At the May 1995 NPT Extension Conference , parties adopted the Strengthened Safeguards System , which gave inspectors more power , including complete access to nuclear records and environmental sampling (Choe , 2006 ) The NPT ‘s principal shortcoming is its reliance on immediate referrals of treaty violations to the UN Security Council and on effective action within the United Nations – conditions that are rarely achievable

The NPT ‘s shortcomings are made apparent… [banner_entry_footer]

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