Essay Title: 

History of Smoking in the USA.

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

History of Smoking in the USA Cigarettes evolved from smoking tobacco stuffed clay pipes . These pipes were used during the 1500 ‘s , when smoking was still considered a fashion trend in the society of the New World . As time passed , tobacco began to become a worldwide commodity and became easy to mass produce and ship to various countries . It also became a very affordable commodity so that during World War I , soldiers were given cigarettes for free in to pass the time between battles . President Roosevelt declared tobacco crops a protected crop [banner_entry_middle]

during World War II and after the war , the trend of smoking became a trend as the soldiers returned home and shared the smoking experience with their families and friends

Due to the newness of cigarettes at the time , there was no clear medical research into its effects on the health of the human population . It was only during the 50 ‘s when certain studies were done and the its adverse effects on health were finally linked . Suddenly , there was an influx of reports of relations between smoking and lung cancer

On January 11 , 1964 , the U .S . Surgeon General , Luther l . Terry M .D presented evidence in a report regarding the link between smoking and cancer . The basis of the report was over 7 ,000 smoking and disease related articles in biomedical literature that supported cigarette smoking as the primary cause of chronic bronchitis , lung , and laryngeal cancer in men . While possibly causing lung cancer in women . The study concluded that ” Cigarette smoking is a health hazard of sufficient importance in the United States to warrant appropriate remedial action Unfortunately , the report failed to state what kind of remedial action would appropriately address the situation

It has been 40 years since the first issuance of the report . Since then , there has been an across the board clamor for the so called “appropriate remedial action . In 1965 , U .S . Congress passed 2 landmark actions that led to the warning labels we now see on the cigarette boxes and labels . These acts are the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act of 1965 and the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act of 1969 . It was the passage of these laws that required the cigarette manufacturers to place health warnings on the packages , disallowed cigarette advertisements in any mass media form , and required an annual report on the current effects of smoking on health . By 1988 , the U .S Surgeon General positively identified nicotine contained in cigarettes as an addictive drug

Cigarette companies , in 1994 tried to fight this claim by the Surgeon General by declaring that nicotine was not an addictive drug . They also insisted that they did not control the amount of nicotine in cigarettes that caused a person to become addicted to the nicotine in cigarettes Three years later , in 1997 , they reneged on their claims and admitted that smoking “could ” cause cancer

There has been a significant drop in cigarette use in the USA over the past… [banner_entry_footer]


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