Essay Title: 

Has Russia developed an effective foreign policy since the end of the Cold War?

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in political science, social sciences

Has Russia Developed an Effective Foreign Policy since the End of the Cold War

Introduction

Russia has shed its superpower status as well as the accompanying foreign policy attributes that shaped the course of the Cold War era These attributes , which formed the superpower syndrome included , as the commentator Aleksander Gol ‘ts noted , messianistic pretensions , imperial ambitions , and global confrontation of the West based on a universal ideology (Buszynski 1996 . The universalism of Soviet foreign policy and everything it entailed in terms of the march of socialism and the promotion [banner_entry_middle]

of the national liberation movement in the Third World gave certainty and predictability to Soviet behavior , and to Cold War relations in general . The loss of superpower status , however , has entailed a lapse into uncertainty for Russia and a painful effort to identify a new role in world affairs . Conceptions of Russia ‘s new role vary considerably and have become the subject of a fundamental value conflict . This work starts with the premise that Russian foreign policy has been the subject of a clash of values . The theme of this work is the foreign policy of a disoriented state

Disorientation has been an unfortunate characteristic of Russian society since its painful emergence from the Soviet cocoon in 1992 . Few other societies have faced the traumatic shock of being relocated in new bs with the old institutions destroyed as suddenly as Russia has As the Council of Foreign and Defence Policy has noted in a study of foreign policy options . Russia has been reduced to four-fifths of the size of the Soviet Union , with less than half of the population (Jackson 2003 . Russia ‘s neighbours in the Baltic , the west , and the south were previously constituent republics of the Soviet Union subordinate to Moscow . What were once domestic bs have become international frontiers that demand an adjustment of the behavioural patterns of the past centuries . Devising a foreign policy to match the requirements of a new geopolitical predicament would be a protracted and agonizing process even in the best of times . These , however , are not the best of times for Russia . The process of formulating foreign policy has been made all the more difficult by the difficult economic and social transformation to which Russia has been exposed

Russia , indeed , has been subjected to the dislocatory effects of economic and political reform which have compounded the sense of bewilderment and disorientation . Russian society has been thrown into what could be the most profound crisis in its history . The Russian state has been traditionally authoritarian and paternalistic , promising a social stability underpinned by the Orthodox Church . The different social strata were bound by the obligation of service either to the landlord or the state on the basis of serfdom or the pomest ‘e (estate system . The Soviet era may have destroyed the institutions inherited from the past but it enforced a similar collectivism and service to a political party . Russia ‘s past made little allowance for the freedom of the individual , legality , and… [banner_entry_footer]

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