Essay Title: 

global political economy in Cuba

March 30, 2016 | Author: | Posted in international relations, social sciences

Global Political Economy of Cuba

Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba on October 28 , 1492 throughout his initial westward expedition . In tribute of the daughter of Ferdinand V and Isabella I of Spain , his benefactors , Columbus named it Juana , the first of numerous names he consecutively applied to the island . It finally became known as Cuba , from its original name Cubanascnan . Slowly the name Cuba was adopted by the Spanish . Cuba ‘s size and diversity of landscape no doubt convinced Columbus that he had indeed found Asia

Furthermore , Cuba [banner_entry_middle]

was the last major Spanish colony to achieve independence , following a long struggle begun in 1868 . Jose Marti Cuba ‘s national hero , helped start the final push for independence in 1895 . In 1898 , after the USS Maine sunk in Havana Harbor on February 15 due to an explosion of undetermined origin , the United States entered the conflict . In December of that year Spain relinquish power of Cuba to the United States with the Treaty of Paris . On May 20 , 1902 , the United States granted Cuba its independence however retains the right to interfere to preserve Cuban independence and stability under the Platt Amendment . In 1934 , the amendment was repeal , and the United States and Cuba agreed to continue the 1903 agreement that leased the Guantanamo Bay naval base to the United States

In addition , independent Cuba was frequently ruled by controlling political and military figures that either obtained or remained in power by force . Fulgencio Batista , an army sergeant , organized a non-commissioned officer revolution in September 1933 and wielded important power behind the scenes until he was elected president in 1940 . Batista was voted out of office in 1944 and did not run in 1948 Both those elections were won by civilian political figures with the support of party organizations . Running for president again in 1952 Batista detained power in a bloodless takeover 3 months before the election was to take place , suspended the balloting , and began ruling by verdict . Several political figures and movements that wanted a return to the government according to the Constitution of 1940 disputed Batista ‘s inequitable rule

In spite of recurrent raids by buccaneers and marine units of rival and enemy powers , the island prospered all through the 16th and 17th centuries . Limitations imposed by the Spanish authorities on commercial activities were normally ignored by the colonists , who resorted to prohibited trade with privateers and neighboring colonies . Following the conclusion of the Seven Years ‘ War in 1763 , during which the English captured Havana , the Spanish government liberalized its Cuban policy encouraging colonization , expansion of commerce , and development of agriculture . Between 1774 and 1817 the population increased from about 161 ,000 to more than 550 ,000 . The remaining limitations on trade were formally eliminated in 1818 , further promoting material and cultural advancement

During the 1830s , though , Spanish rule become gradually more oppressive , provoking a widespread movement among the colonists for independence . This movement attained particular momentum between 1834 and 1838 , through the dictatorial governorship… [banner_entry_footer]


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