Essay Title: 

female gangs

March 31, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

The female gangs are considered as a refuge for young women who have been victimized at home . Research consistently shows that high proportions of female gang members have experienced sexual abuse at home . In Los Angeles , for example , 29 percent of a large representative sample of Mexican American female gang members had been sexually abused at home , and their homes were more likely than those of male gang members to include drug users and persons arrested for crimes (Moore 1991 , 1994

Unfortunately , female gangs have received little programmatic attention . Many aspects [banner_entry_middle]

of female gang functioning and the lives of female gang members remain a mystery because relatively few researchers have considered female gangs worthy of study . The 1992 reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 specifically mandated more programmatic focus on female delinquent offenders . One of the programs that have made efforts to reach females is created by the Boys Girls Clubs of America that are directed at reducing or eliminating gangs and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention ‘s (OJJDP ‘s ) Comprehensive Communitywide Approach to Gang Prevention , Intervention , and Suppression , which is directed at gang-involved youth and their communities . These programs offer a foundation to build on , but much more work needs to be done to address the needs of females involved with gangs


Chanequa J . Walker-Barnes , Rafael M . Arrue Craig A . Mason

A poster presented at the meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence , San Diego , California (February 1998

Girls and Gangs : Identifying Risk Factors for Female Gang Involvement

Harris , M . 1988 . Cholas : Latino Girls and Gangs . New York , NY : AMS Press

Maxson , C .L , and Whitlock , M .L (2002 . Joining the Gang : Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Gang Membership . In C .R . Huff (Ed Gangs in America III… [banner_entry_footer]


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