Essay Title: 

Farce

March 29, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

FARCE

BACKGROUND

Farce is a term derived from Old French since early 16th century which literally means stuffing ‘ or to stuff ‘ in Latin farcire However , farce as nonliterary form can be traced back to classical Greece

Historically , the term meant a literary or artistic production of little merit so it is categorized as low comedy . It usually achieves its effects from physical or bodily humor , which sometimes turned to be violent due to its absurdity and crude verbal jokes , rather than from verbal wit or nuances of social behavior p [banner_entry_middle]

Its main purpose is to stimulate laughter through exaggeration and extravagance instead of being realistic imitation of life . The gravity or emphasis on plot highlights the difference between plot and comedy in farce , characters are required only to act out the complexities and sophistication of the plot however , plot is subordinated to characterization in comedy

STRUCTURE

Farce is a type of comedy that uses absurd and highly improbable events in the plot . Situations are humorous because of their ludicrous and often ridiculous nature . The choice of setting is a key factor in farce as the protagonist is sometimes at odds with the environment . Often the central character in a farce does not (or should not ) belong in the place of the action . The audience will only accept the situation if they follow the conventions previously established . But characters in a farce can also quite logically belong in the setting they are placed in (JC 2006

Farcical elements have entered into many forms of primitive comedy , but the term farce seems to have been applied first in France to the pieces produced by certain lay companies , or clercs de bazoche (organizations of such secular groups as notaries and law clerks , which held annual festivals , in contrast to the morality plays produced by the religious s . A characteristic of many of the early farces was a mixture of dialects . For example , in the French farce L ‘avocat Patelin (Lawyer Patelin , an often adapted and translated 15th-century piece attributed to various authors , the principal character speaks seven dialects . The French writer Moliire later refined the farce form into the comedy of manners . In England , about the beginning of the 18th century , the farce came to be regarded as a form distinct from the comedy proper . Today the term farce is freely applied to almost any light piece in which the comic effect is carried to ridiculous lengths (Encarta , 2006

Knowing that farce is both a verbal and physical humor , performer uses deliberate character exaggeration . Notable examples are the Marx Brothers , who are renowned for using their bodies in such a way as to exaggerate the situation , thus making it even more farcical , with or without props . This famous team made farce a very physical form of comedy . Likewise , John Cleese also uses his body to do extraordinary effect , gifted with height Cleese controls his body to make silly walks by simply extending his legs outward and exaggerating his movements for extreme comic effect

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