Explain the term `equal opportunities` in relation to early years pratice and consider this term in the context of the UN Convention on the rights of the child. Explore Malaysia`s commitment to the convention and explain its impact on local legislation an
Equal Opportunities of Children in Malaysia
The term equal opportunity has been used in different contexts and has been the focused of many studies and policies in both developed and developing countries . In employment for example , equal opportunity pertains to the non-discriminatory selection of applicants and employees . That is , applicants are chosen based on their job-related qualifications regardless of gender , race , or socio-economic status This concept is also called careers open to talents (Rawls 65 . In education , equal opportunity means the education should be distributed and be open to [banner_entry_middle]
all who can learn and that no child or any individual that can understand and become educated should be excluded from access to education (Gutmann 127 . From these definitions , it can be viewed that equal opportunity is the right of all people to access to social activities such as employment and education as well as health care and politics regardless of gender , religion , race , class , or disability Access to such social activities provides people the opportunity to learn , to work and improve their lives and the improvement that can be done on ones life depends so much on the opportunity provided by the society
However , equal opportunity in real life , although has long been considered to be a significant aspect of every society , is always overlooked in many circumstances . For example , the minorities in the United States have long experienced discrimination in terms of health care . About 30 percent of Hispanic origin and 20 percent black Americans lack a usual source to health care compared to only 16 percent of White Americans ( Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care . Also among preschool children with asthma , only 7 percent of black and 2 percent of Hispanic children are prescribed routine medications while that of white American children is 21 percent ( Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care . On the contrary , Article 24 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child states that no child shall be deprived of his or her right of access to health care services (UN 7
In a research done by the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University it was found out that there are racial disparities in special education across the US . This research shows that about 55 percent of White American students with disabilities are more likely to be included in special education compared to only 42 .6 percent that of Hispanic and 37 .3 percent that of the Black students (CRP 4 . However , Article 23 of the UN Convention promotes equal opportunity to mentally or physically disabled children , that they have the right to access and receives education and training regardless of their race or nationality Moreover , there are about 130 million out of school in developing countries , most of which are girls accounting to 73 million of the 130 million (Bellamy 7 . This finding suggests that most developing countries cannot meet the requirements of article 28 of the UN Convention which promotes children ‘s right to education
These examples reflect that… [banner_entry_footer]
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