Essay Title: 

disembowelment in Japanese history

March 26, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history

Disembowelment in Japanese History

Honor was defined in Dr Johnson ‘s Dictionary in several senses . The first sense described honor as “nobility of soul , magnanimity , and a scorn of meanness ” This sort of honor derives from the perceived virtuous conduct and personal integrity of the person endowed with it On the other hand , Johnson also defined honor in relationship to “reputation ” and “fame to “privileges of rank or birth , and as “respect ” of the kind which “places an individual socially and determines his right to precedence ” This sort of honor is not so much [banner_entry_middle]

a function of moral or ethical excellence , as it is a consequence of power . Finally , for women , according to Dr Johnson , honor is synonymous with “chastity . On the other hand , dishonor means loss of honor respect , or reputation the condition of having lost honor or good repute . Many Japanese heroes choose to engage in disembowelment because it forms the way of graceful suicide by a samurai in Japan . By this method , samurais are deemed to be free from the dishonor . A samurai is a professional warrior belonging to the Japanese feudal military aristocracy

Disembowelment or evisceration is the removing of some or all of vital organs , usually from the abdomen . The results are , in virtually all cases , fatal . It has historically been used as a severe form of capital punishment . The last organs to be removed were invariably the heart and lungs so as to preserve the victim ‘s life force for the full procedure

In Japan , disembowelment also formed part of the method of execution of or graceful suicide by a samurai . In killing themselves by this method they were deemed to be free from the dishonor resulting from their crimes . The most common form of disembowelment was referred to in Japanese as seppuku (where the term “hara-kiri ” literally “stomach cutting ” is regarded as vulgar , involving two cuts across the abdomen sometimes followed by pulling out one ‘s own innards . The act of beheading , in most cases by one ‘s best servant , was added to this ritual suicide in later times in to shorten the suffering of the samurai or leader , an attempt at rendering the ritual more humane . In the English language , hara-kiri and seppuku are often treated as synonyms

tant . It could take place with preparation and ritual in the privacy of one ‘s home , or speedily in a quiet corner of a battlefield while one ‘s comrades kept the enemy at bay

In the world of the warrior , seppuku was a deed of bravery that was admirable in a samurai who knew he was defeated , disgraced , or mortally wounded . It meant that he could end his days with his transgressions wiped away and with his reputation not merely intact but actually enhanced . The cutting of the abdomen released the samurai ‘s spirit in the most dramatic fashion , but it was an extremely painful and unpleasant way to die , and sometimes the samurai who was performing the act asked a loyal comrade… [banner_entry_footer]

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