Essay Title: 

Developmental Psycholgy

March 27, 2016 | Author: | Posted in child, education

ADHD and Bipolar disease in children : Are they different

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Dis (ADHD ) is a condition that becomes apparent in some children in the preschool and early school years . It is hard for these children to control their behavior and /or pay attention . The principal characteristics of ADHD are inattention hyperactivity , and impulsivity . These symptoms appear early in a child ‘s life . ADHD in children or adolescents may be a marker for an emerging bipolar dis

Bipolar dis , also known as manic-depressive illness , is a brain dis that causes unusual [banner_entry_middle]

shifts in a person ‘s mood , energy , and ability to function . Although chemical imbalances in the brain are a key component of bipolar dis , it is a complex condition that involves genetic , environmental and other factors . Bipolar dis can be severe and long-term , or it can be mild with infrequent episodes . The usual pattern of bipolar dis is one of increasing intensity and duration of symptoms that progress slowly over many years . Bipolar dis in children can also be mistaken for attention ?deficit hyperactivity dis (ADHD

Symptoms of bipolar dis in children are often confused with ADHD or adolescents with manic-depressive illness may be inappropriately diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity dis . ADHD and bipolar dis often cause inattention and distractibility , and the two diss may be difficult to distinguish , particularly in children In some cases , ADHD in children or adolescents can even be a marker for an emerging bipolar dis . The primary way to differentiate bipolar dis from ADHD is by the presence of a manic or hypomanic episode which occurs in patients with bipolar dis but not with ADHD

ADHD and bipolar dis do share some symptoms and sometimes coexist In one study , 65 of adolescents with bipolar dis met criteria for ADHD . Yet another study indicated that close to 25 of children diagnosed with ADHD either already had bipolar dis or go on to develop it (Harvey Simon , 3

Jack Kooy reported a high rate of comorbidity does tend to exist between prepubertal bipolar I dis (BD I ) and ADHD (1 . It ‘s not known whether this is because there ‘s overlap in the symptoms required for the diagnosis or because the underlying pathophysiology of the illnesses is similar and therefore leads to both . Alternatively , there may be two completely independent illnesses or one may be a developmental manifestation of the other , i .e . one evolves into the other . Although there ‘s a high incidence of ADHD in those with BD I , the incidence of BD I in ADHD is small – i .e . a patient with ADHD has a relatively low likelihood for BD I , but not so for the reverse . The ability to differentiate ADHD from bipolar disease is complicated by the fact that there appear to be subsyndromal bipolar symptom clusters , which now we call bipolar dis not otherwise specified , or BD NOS

Although both the diss share characteristics (impulsivity inattention , and hyperactivity ) they can be distinguished based on the underlying reasons for the behaviors , which… [banner_entry_footer]

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