Essay Title: 

Describe the improvements of slums conditions in Victorian England during the industrial revolution

March 28, 2016 | Author: | Posted in economics, mathematics and economics


Slum conditions in the Victorian England through the Industrial Revolution

Improvement in Slum Conditions in Victorian England


The industrial revolution of 19th century introduced unprecedented changes in the social and economic structure of Victorian England Rapidly expanding economic activities and increasing number of factories and production centers led to great influx of population in the cities and towns , most of them being employed as laborers and workers in the new industrial system . Concurrent to this rising population of workers was the [banner_entry_middle]

rise of slums in cities where the low paid workers lived in clustered and highly unhygienic conditions . Although the great advances in English economy that made England as the most powerful nation of the world are universally hailed as extraordinary achievements , social historians have been generally horrified at the macabre conditions of slums in the English industrial towns (Chapple , 2000

The economic growth that created an enormously privileged class in English social structure also widened the gap between rich and poor . In the early phase of industrial revolution (1830-1870 ) waves of urbanization expanded the great city of London and created heavily industrialized cities of Liverpool , Glasgow and Manchester , and also led to deterioration of environmental and living conditions in these mechanized cities , especially among the working class that had hardly any access to clean water , medical facilities , and basic sanitary conditions essential for healthy living (Szreter , 1997 . The working class population generally lived in heavily congested quarters or slums near the polluting , smoke and soot bellowing factories in almost unimaginable conditions that severely impaired their health leading to high rates of casualty and mortality among population living in the slums (Szreter , 1997 . As a consequence sociologists , economists and politicians were moved to take up the reformation and improvement of urban and industrial slums in England in the subsequent phases of industrial revolution

Industrial Slums in Early Industrial Phase

The first phase of industrial revolution (1780-1840 ) led to widespread growth of slums in the rising industrial cities of England . According Szreter (1997 , Britain ‘s massive but uneven economic growth was result of three potent socio-economic forces that divided English society in segregated zones . The first force was increasing inequality of income and wealth accumulation , which bestowed financial fortunes on some and economic hardship for a large part of population . The second force affecting the social divide was massive influx of rural population in the expanding industrial cities . Periods of economic depression , and uncertainty of farming income compelled rural inhabitants to abandon their traditional trade and take up the lowest paid jobs in factories (Anderson , 1971 . The third agent of social division was the increasing process of segregation in the large cities , determined exclusively by income factors and economic conditions . This process , termed as `suburbanization , reflected the cultural preference of the affluent classes who were reluctant to stay close to unhygienic and polluting factories , and crowded areas . They shifted to peripheral areas in comfortable and expansive accommodations while the older buildings in the… [banner_entry_footer]


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