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April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in environmental issues, nature


Culture is defined as a system of shared beliefs , values , customs behaviors and artifacts that members of society use to cope with their world and with one another . These shared beliefs are transmitted from generation to generation through learning and many other factors

According to John H . Bodley in An Anthropological Perspective , culture involves three components : What people think , what they do , and the material products they produce . Culture also has several properties : It is shared , learned , symbolic , transmitted cross-generational , adaptive and integrated (Bodley , 1994

The factors involved in [banner_entry_middle]

culture generally consist of eight categories al , historical , behavioral , normative , functional , mental structural and symbolic (Hoffman , 1996

al culture consists of a list of categories , such as religion or economy . Another category is historical social heritage and traditions that are passed on to generations in various cultures . For instance celebrated holidays would be a historical tradition . Behavioral is another factor , which means culture is a shared , learned behavior – essentially a way of life . Normative factors are ideals , values and rules for living within the culture . Functional factors of culture involve the way humans solve problems within the culture , either by adapting to the environment or living together . There is also a mental factor , which says culture is a complex of ideas and learned habits that inhibit impulses and affect decisions . A structural aspect of culture consists of patterns and


interrelated ideas , symbols and behaviors . And finally , the symbolic factor is based on arbitrarily assigned meanings , which are shared by the cultural society

In an American Educational Research Journal article , it was found that effective multicultural education efforts require cultural diversity in all aspects of curriculum (Hoffman , 1996 . When students learn about culture , it teaches them to accept other peoples ‘ differences . This enables them to better understand culture heritages , identities , and even their own differences , traditions and uniqueness

One way of bridging difficulties in multicultural education is with the use of a cultural life story (Thomas Schwarzbaum , 2005 . These life stories are a kind of cultural autobiography written by the student . The life story provides students with questions to be used as guidelines to write a story about themselves . The questions ask the students about their identities , including race , ethnicity , social class , geographic origin , religious or spiritual background , and the relationship between these identities . Generally , by answering the questions , students are able to learn about who they are and how they came to be who they are

Also , by sharing these life stories with classmates , students can gain knowledge of each others ‘ various cultures and ways of life . Only then can they come to respect one another by sharing their differences and experiences with their classmates

The effect of culture on multicultural education facilitates a better learning environment . Instead of focusing on negative differences among classmates , which can lead to distraction and violence , students are more aware of positive differences and are more accepting of their classmates ‘ cultural diversity


Bodley , John H , Cultural Anthropology : Tribes States and… [banner_entry_footer]


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