Essay Title: 

Cross-Cultural Health Perspective

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in communications and media

Cultural Competence in Nursing

The five essential constructs of culture according to Campinha-Bacote (2001 ) are cultural knowledge , cultural awareness , cultural encounters cultural skill and cultural desires . Acquiring cultural competence is important in nursing because nurses must be able to understand each patients needs especially those from different cultural backgrounds The following essay analyzes each of the five essential constructs of culture , and the components and barriers of each

Cultural Awareness

Cultural awareness is the self-awareness and critique (para .4 ) of an individuals cultural awareness . This is a lifelong process that a [banner_entry_middle]

br nurse goes through in to become respectful , appreciative , and sensitive to the values , beliefs , lifeways , practices and problem-solving strategies of a client ‘s culture (para .4 . This is an important process in nursing many cultural diverse patients may have different cultural interpretations of their illness , degree of pain and other important factors which must be understood and addressed by the nurse

Ethnocentrism and Ethnorelativism . Nurses demonstrating ethnocentrism could be a potential danger to their patients . Such nurses feel that their values and beliefs are the only right ones which matter . These nurses can impose their own beliefs on their patients causing the patients cultural needs to be unmet . An ethnocentric nurse will apply the same rehabilitation strategies to all patients , ignoring the patients ‘ cultural background . It is important for these nurses to learn the proper ways of caring for patients of different cultures through individual study and participating in classes on diversity . Learning and experiencing different cultural backgrounds will result in ethnorelativism the nurse will then appreciate the needs of patients of different cultures . This self-awareness will allow the nurse to adjust his or her practices to the needs of the patient

Cultural Skill

Cultural skill is need for the physical assessment of culturally diverse patients . Patients ‘ vary in their physical , biological and physiological needs . During the process of cultural competence , a nurse must learn the proper techniques needed to assess patients . Once a nurse is comfortable in their cultural skills , a nurse can adjust their physical assessment strategies accordingly

Cultural Knowledge

According to the author , cultural knowledge in the most important construct of cultural competence it is critical to the accurate understanding of a patient ‘s worldview . Of the four stages of cultural knowledge , unconscious competence , conscious incompetence , conscious competence and unconscious competence , the last stage , unconscious competence is what a nurse should strive to achieve . It is a comfort level , in which one isn ‘t concerned with political correctness , but rather unconsciously knows how to adjust the nursing strategy to one in which is appropriate for a patient ‘s cultural background

Cultural Encounters

Nurse encounters with diverse cultures vary , and because the people of one culture are different within themselves , it is important to make sure one encounters many different types of people from a distinct culture . Otherwise , one may stereotype a certain culture . To avoid stereotyping , the author suggests interacting with many people from the same culture in to better understand their needs

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