Essay Title: 

Compare and contrast the information processing approach and the computational veiw of cognitive psychology.

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences


February 2007

A number of ideas on the overall functioning of the human brain have been presented over the years . Theorists are constantly seeking to understanding the brain , a very unique and dynamic phenomenon and have come up with countless methods , theories and principles that attempt to describe human cognitive behavior . Theorists from the behaviorist school proposed their view of human cognition , which many criticized citing inherent weaknesses . The cognitive school of thought many believe arouse out of a need for an alternative to the behaviorist perspective . One [banner_entry_middle]

particular field of study , cognitive psychology has become a popular alternative source of evaluating the way mental processes operate

Cognitive Psychology is the study of how humans process information in their brains . This theoretical perspective seeks to explain human perceptions , thoughts , and memory and describes the means through which sensory data is transformed , reduced , elaborated , stored , recovered , and used by the brain (Lachman , Lachman Butterfield , 1979 . Understanding of information is possible only as far as the learner is able to appropriately fit the stimulus into the cognition

This theoretical framework has been influenced considerably by the constructivist school of thought . Theorists such as Piaget have promoted the concept that learners , unlike what the behaviorists were proposing actual function better in a setting where they are able to invent their own knowledge through processes of inquiry and experimentation . The behaviorists had presented learners in a very passive role simply functioning as vessels in which teachers deposit facts and responding only as stimulated by some external force (Newell , Shaw Simon , 1958

The approach put forward by the cognitivists therefore came in opposition to the behaviorist school of thought and critics began to argue that the cognitive approach was not easily adaptable to the classroom . Because classrooms are large with only one teacher to several students , it becomes difficult to attend to the needs of each student and is a taxing task on the teacher and educational resources Nevertheless cognitive psychologists encourage more hands-on type of learning that promote students becoming active processors of information and in this way they are able to develop cognitively . Bruning comments that the aim of teaching , from a constructivist perspective , is not so much to transmit information , but rather to encourage knowledge formation and development of metacognitive processes for judging organizing , and acquiring new information (as cited in Groome , 1999

There is the view held by psychologists that the brain functions in much the same way a computer does and this they refer to as information processing . The information processing model assumes that humans interact with their environment in a deliberate way and that the mind processes symbols from its external environment . The symbols are further encoded in the mind through distinct cognitive processes . This model therefore concerns itself primarily with discovering the kinds of information that are processed by in the mind , how such processing takes place in terms of organization , retrieval and recall

This concept of human learning occurring in the form of information processing… [banner_entry_footer]


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