Essay Title: 

Combating Terrorism

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in international relations, social sciences

Running head : Combating Terrorism

Combating Terrorism

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The catastrophic attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11 , 2001 have made it all too obvious that wars do not have to be declared and threats do not have to be unconcealed . It is brutally apparent there is a wide spectrum of possible threats to the U .S homeland that do not entail the threat of overt attacks by states using long-range missiles or conventional military forces [banner_entry_middle]

. Such threats can vary from the acts of individual extremists to state-sponsored asymmetric warfare . They can comprise covert attacks by state actors state use of proxies , as well as independent terrorist groups . They can comprise attacks by foreign individuals and residents of the United States whose motives can vary from religion to efforts at extortion (Innes , 2003 . Motives can range from definite political and strategic goals , to religion and political ideology , crime and sabotage , or acts by the expressively disturbed . The means of attack can range from token uses of explosives , cyber-terrorism , car and truck bombs , and passenger airliners to the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD

We have previously experienced some overwhelming attacks , however no pattern of attacks on U .S . territory has so far emerged that offers a clear foundation for predicting how serious any given form of attack will be in the future , what means of attack will be used , or how deadly new forms of attack will be if they are successful . Consequently , there is a major , continuing debate over the range of threats that require to be measured , the significance of such threats , and how the U .S government should react to combat terrorism

We now recognize all too well how susceptible we really are , however it is difficult to forecast how such threats will develop in the future and the extent to which states and their proxies will use alternative methods of attack as distinguished from terrorists . Possible foreign attackers have good cause to fear American military power , and most are still improbable to launch such attacks without considering the risks Simultaneously , it is painfully obvious that America ‘s very strengths make an incentive to attack it using asymmetric forms of warfare . Waging asymmetric warfare against the United States presents the greatest chance of success and the least risk of reprisal , and some key technologies are developing in ways that help the attacker . For instance , biological and information warfare will unavoidably make the possible threat from foreign and domestic attackers more serious over time (Falk , 2004

Internal conflicts stemming from religious , ethnic , economic , or political disputes will stays at current levels or even augment in number . The United Nations and regional organizations will be called on to cope such conflicts for the reason that major states – stressed by domestic concerns , perceived risk of failure , lack of political will , or tight resources – will reduce their direct involvement

Export control regimes and sanctions will… [banner_entry_footer]

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