civil war medicine
Civil war medicine
The Civil War is considered to be a bloodiest warfare . During the Civil War , medicinal knowledge was tremendously primordial . Doctors were not aware of seriousness of infection , and did not put much effort to prevent it . At that time no attempt had been made to maintain sterility during surgery (Alan Hawk , 2002 . These issues create curiosity to know about cure of soldiers in battlefield . Thus the main objective of this is to focus on the treatment of wounded soldiers and type of medicine used during civil war
soldiers were resided and worked on small or large countryside areas . They were not habituated to infectious diseases such as , measles mumps , and whooping cough commonly spread during warfare . The occurrence of other disease in battlefield was diet deficiency . The common maladies were malaria , typhoid fever , dysentery , and measles . Pneumonia smallpox , yellow fever , and tuberculosis were less prevalent but all took a heavy toll of lives . To maintain hygiene , concerned citizens of the North to supplement the medical services of the Federal government formed The Sanitary Commission at the outburst of the war . This commission supplied Fresh vegetables , chloroform , brandy and other stimulants , condensed milk , beef stock , bandages , surgeon ‘s silk , and other first aid kits (Disease in the Civil War -1968 Cunningham
Major effectual drugs during civil war were quinine , morphia , and other opium derivatives . Whiskey was frequently administered to the injured to bring about reaction . To repress malaria , Whiskey was also mixed with quinine and administered daily . Other drugs were pepsin , various emetics to control vomiting , cathartics , iodine , and calomel . Oil of turpentine or ipecac , though neither was very effective for treatment of Dysentery (Thomas Sweeney M .D Medicine in the Bloodiest War
Due to deluge of wounded became simply overpowering , amputation was for the most part frequent surgery acted upon during the Civil War . Wounds might be divided among those to head , trunk , and limbs . Head and chest wounds were often fatal wounds in the abdomen that involved a damaged bowel were almost always fatal . Chloroform was mostly used during the Civil War to reduce the torment and trauma . Severe wounds to the limbs were treated with amputation because of the likelihood of infection and it would usually carry skin and dirt into the wound . The surgeons opted for only amputation as a treatment . If the wound had caused loss of a large amount of soft tissue , or if it concerned a joint , the limb was for eternity surgically removed . If it were not removed , the patient often quickly developed swelling , which would then drain large amount of pus , then , a fever would follow and in next few days , death . In short the wound would become infected and result in fatal blood poisoning . All wounded limbs were not treated with amputation . Simple fractures were set and placed in a splint . Wounds without fracture were cleaned of dead tissue and irrigated with various solutions such as potassium permanganate or dilute acid
Surgeons usually used the following… [banner_entry_footer]
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