Essay Title: 

black social movement

March 29, 2016 | Author: | Posted in african-american studies, history

black social movements

meaning and significance

black social movements meaning and significance

Race is used by social scientists to refer to distinctions drawn from physical appearance (skin color , eye shape , physiognomy , and ethnicity is used to refer to distinctions based on national origin , language religion , food , and other cultural markers . Race has a quasi-biological status and among psychologists , the use of race terminology is hotly debated In the United States , race is also a socially defined , politically oppressive categorization scheme that individuals must negotiate while creating their identities (Frable [banner_entry_middle]

1997 , 139

Before the Black Power Phase of the Black Social Movement , blacks displayed a decidedly dualistic worldview . After 1968 , a trend toward a black perspective , which is almost as significant as the dualistic frame , becomes apparent . A reactionary , extreme pro white position is seldom advocated : The dualistic , integrationist ethic was perhaps stronger in the past than it is today , although it is probably still the dominant ideology among blacks . Finally , over the past 25 years , a nationalistic black oriented ideology has become increasingly important in discussions of black affairs

The racial and ethnic identity terms are often used inappropriately in psychology . While black immigrants to the United States may have a racial identity as black , their ethnic identity reflects their country of origin racial identity is much more likely to be problematic in the United States than ethnic identity . Whether a researcher assesses racial identity , ethnic identity , or some combination may only be clear after reading the Methods section of their report

Evidence of Identity Change : 1968-Present

The Black Social Movement had two phases (1 ) the Civil Rights Phase which lasted from 1954-1967 and (2 ) the Black Power Phase , which began to take hold from 1965-1967 (See Exhibit 1 ) 118 or 73 were conducted during the period 1968-1977 . Of these , 22 (19 ) were Black group oriented , 84 (71 ) were personal self-worth related and 12 (10 ) applied personal self-worth and Black group oriented measures on the same sample . A significant number of both Black group and personal self-worth studies from this period show blacks with an increased in-group orientation and adequate to above average levels of self-esteem (Allen et al , pg . 161 )The Black Movement has increased the probability that more blacks will superimpose a black orientation upon a greater variety of situations . As a perspective , the extent to which the world view of the mainstream group (Americanism ) has been internalized by a Black person is not one of self-rejection as it was in the past

As a result , some 20 years later and as a side product of the mind set change , Hip-hop (music ) was created in the mid-seventies as black social movements began to take less noticeable role in the African-American communities and mainstream media , and replaced by electoral politics It has deep sixties cultural and political roots Gil Scott-Heron and The Last Poets are considered the forebears of rap . But once the institutions that supported radical movements collapsed or turned their attention elsewhere , the seeds of hip- hop… [banner_entry_footer]


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