African Literature and Culture
African Literature and Culture
African ‘ representation of male-female relationships Analyzing male-female relationships in African literature enables a better understanding of how African view the gender roles including the application of religious aspects , marriage and identity midwives and slave women , nationalism , and migration . In earlier works the female gender was often perceived as the Queen Mother ‘ Many African portray women in traditional roles whereas articles written in the past few decades analyze male-female relationships with a more feminist approach . This will analyze articles by leading African concerning the representation of the [banner_entry_middle]
In 1997 , Jamaica Kincaid ‘s book entitled The Autobiography of My Mother opened the eyes of readers to the life of the protagonist and narrator Xuela Claudette Potter Richardson . This character is a woman whose willful hardness of heart wields a difficult , unsympathetic character through a disturbing tale of unequal male-female relationships .Gender roles are predominant in the author ‘s correlations of sexuality and power and a legacy of colonialism and racism . The female role in Kincaid ‘s book is one that is hardened by life and by the negligence of the male counterpart (Xuela ‘s father . Nevertheless , Xuela ‘s mother is portrayed as a giver of unselfish love (she gave her life for her child -hence , she died during childbirth ) while the father is a persona of indifference and casual cruelty of which the narrator later comes to associate with the ways of the British colonizers who taught her father about money and greed , power and domination In many African texts (Sofola 1998 Cooper 1995 , the female gender is stereotyped as the fertile and nurturing Earth Mother to the lazy debauched young beauty . This was the African woman ‘s identity -the mother , the caretaker not the provider or independent woman known in today ‘s society . Subsequently , the difference in the gender roles is a division of labor that exists between African men and women , whereby men were generally responsible for war and long-distance trade , helped clear land , hunted , and ran political affairs , while women took care of agriculture , household tasks such as supplying water and firewood nearby gardening , and small-scale subsistence and neighborhood trading Although women did harbor the responsibility of physical labor in the home , their primary function was the work connected with reproduction
Legal and government-assigned rights historically held that the inheritance of goods and power was unequal between men and women Another common setting is that the female ‘s role as producer and reproducer . While the male-female relationship depicted by African indicates bias on the part of the male toward the female , the African female gender is more respected than in other culture . African men -like other cultures- prefer to have sons over daughters , but the role of the female is needed . Women are most often portrayed as the caretakers of the home (cooking , cleaning , and washing ) and as providers of heirs . Unlike the power of the male gender , African women were categorized in terms of power by… [banner_entry_footer]
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