Essay Title: 

African American History

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history

In the first part of the 20th Century , African Americans enjoyed a resurgence of ethnic pride and the demand for their due rights as human beings . This surge of African-American culture follows the Civil Rights movement of the 1950 and 1960 ‘s and the rise of Black power with regard to its size and importance in American history . Langston Hughes in Literature and within the largest context of The Harlem Renaissance Jack Johnson in sports , Louie Armstrong in music and Marcus Garvey in black nationalism , all had influence and spoke to the larger [banner_entry_middle]

movement of black pride . The New Negro Movement said that it was not only acceptable but a source of pride to be black

In a 1925 essay entitled ‘The New Negro , Howard University Professor Alain Locke described this transformation as not relying on older time-worn models but , rather , embracing a new sprit . Central to Locke ‘s prescription was the mandate that the ‘New Negro ‘ had to ‘smash the entire racial , social and psychological impediments that had long obstructed black achievement (Fenderson , 1969 .

.34 ) And for many this was achieved through the arts . Much of Europe recognized the elements of genius within African American culture . Dvorak proclaimed that the Negro Spirituals ‘ were the first unique form of American music and when the composer Maurice Ravel came to America , he demanded to be brought to Harlem to experience jazz music firsthand . Famous composers , Oscars , Hammerstein and Gershwin were all directly influence through the arts of the Harlem Renaissance and as a result , old standing stereotypes and barriers of prejudice were slowly broken down by a white audience that fell in love with the byproduct of the Harlem Renaissance And this was the motivation behind the new idea of the New Negro . Gone would be the stereotypes of the oversexed and undereducated characterizes that was portrayed as the norm in the newss art white art of that day

Most of the participants and contributions in this African American literary movement are referred to as The Harlem Renaissance . The participants were descendants from a generation whose parents or grandparents had witnessed the injustices of slavery and the gains and losses that would come with Reconstruction after the American Civil War as the nation moved forward into the gradual entrenchment of Jim Crow in the Southern states and in its non-codified forms in many other parts of the country (Moses , 1973 . 67 ) Many of these people were part of the Great Migration out of the South and other racially stratified communities who sought relief from the worst of prejudices against them for a better standard of living in the North and Midwest regions of the United States . Others were Africans and people of African descent from the Caribbean who had come to the United States hoping for a better life . Uniting most of them was their convergence in Harlem

This ideology is much different and in stark contrast to what Marcus Garvey was preaching . The possibility of integration into the white… [banner_entry_footer]


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