Essay Title: 

African American History

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history

African American History

The Great Depression and WWII became a real trial for African-Americans affected their economic and social life . The main changes concerned labor relations and wages , exploitation and absence of social programs for poor . Urbanization and industrialization processes , low wages in rural areas and poor conditions of life forced many Africans find jobs in cities

The decades following the Depression witnessed a steady decline in the number of sharecroppers as wage labor came to substitute for sharecroppers on an increasing scale . The more advantageous climatic conditions in the [banner_entry_middle]

West , along with its topography and relative freedom from pest infestation , reduced the labor requirements of various production operations and increased the use of labor-saving technology The greater fertility of the newly opened frontier soils , coupled with the availability of these western lands for expansion , contrasted sharply with the situation in the Southeast , where land was both worn and concentrated in the hands of a few . According to statistical results , by 1932 , approximately half of black Americans were out of work . In some Northern cities , whites called for blacks to be fired from any jobs as long as there were whites out of work (The Great Depression , 2002

Blacks from the rural South fled exclusion from the political process injustice in the courts , abysmal schools for their children , and a social where deference to whites in all spheres of public life was expected and enforced with violence . Hacker (1992 ) finds that blacks were most likely to migrate from areas where racial violence was most prevalent . During WWII , the majority of Africans migrated to North which caused depopulate of the rural South . In cities , new labor was also connected with industrialization and urbanization processes , proposing unlimited opportunities for newly emerged industries and factories to obtain cheap labor . On the other hand , new factories needed more raw materials for production , and South planters were interested in bigger sown areas requiring more hands (Hacker , 1992

In cities , African-Americans faced social segregation and racism which affected their employment and education . Very cheap labor helped to develop strong economy , because there was no need to spend additional costs on wages . The slave owners exploited slaves per 12-14 hours a day which sped the economic growth significantly . Great Depression and WWII resulted in short supply of cash money and prevented many people to buy cloths and food . Hostility to social security and commitment to cut central and local government spending and to privatize health and welfare provision where possible all had important implications for African-Americans . The New Deal programs were aimed to support blacks and minorities and helped them to overcome economic crisis Discrimination continued in the South , however , as a result a large number of black voters switched from the Republican to the Democrat party during the Depression (The Great Depression , n .d . During WWII labor unions played greater role protecting black employees and minorities from exploitation and low wages . Black migration tended to result in less oppressive conditions as white employers responded in… [banner_entry_footer]

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