Essay Title: 

African American History

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history

The UNIA , The Harlem Renaissance and New York City

In African American history , Marcus Garvey was a significant figure who has not received the acclaim or recognition that he was due

His political goal was to take Africa back from European domination and build a free and United Black Africa . He advocated the Back-to-Africa Movement and organized a shipping company called the Black Star Line which was part of his program to conduct international trade between black Africans and the rest of the world in to “uplift the race and eventually return [banner_entry_middle]

to Africa . Garvey studied all of the literature he could find on African history and culture and decided to launch the Universal Negro Improvement Association with the goal of unifying “all the Negro peoples of the world into one great body and to establish a country and government absolutely on their own (Zee

Around the same time that Garvey was developing the UNIA movement , the Harlem Renaissance was occurring in the world and it was greatly shaping the consciousness of the African-American community . To a significant degree , the Harlem Renaissance helps shape the consciousness of the literary and creative realm of the people who comprised the African-American community “Harlem Renaissance (HR ) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of the 1930s Depression , during which a group of talented African-American produced a sizable body of literature in the four prominent genres of poetry , fiction , drama , and essay (Reuben ) From this , a communicative self consciousness of the African-American people was able to emerge as the result of the collective voice of the political power of the UNIA and the intellectual /creative power of the Harlem Renaissance

To a significant degree , each was a different side of the same coin : the ability to act as a conduit of the voice of a group of underrepresented people in the United States . Much of this voice became possible thanks to the environment that was available to them

The UNIA , The Harlem Renaissance and New York City Page 2

in New York , an area that was more tolerant to their beliefs and needs than other parts of the USA

A significant reason that New York City was an important epicenter for African-Americans involves the fact that there was the absence of the anti-civil rights , segregation laws that were in existence in other parts of the United States

During the era of The Great Migration ‘ many African-Americans moved to the North in to fill the numerous factory job openings that were vacant as a result of the draft during World War One . This allowed for a great deal of upward mobility that would not be present in the Southern states . This is not to say that the North was free of racial discrimination (actually , racial strife became rampant when World War One ended and people returned to America to reclaim their jobs , but the racial divide was not as ominous as… [banner_entry_footer]

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