Abortion Abortion Ethics of Abortion
Abortion is an exceptionally contentious issue that has been frequently argued over for the past few decades and most likely many years to come Before we indulge ourselves into many controversial facets of abortion we must first characterize abortion . Abortion is the obliteration of the fetus or unborn child while the child is still in the mother ‘s womb This destruction can be performed by any one from the mother herself to back alley abortions and even abortions by clinics set up [banner_entry_middle]
particularly for this reason
The abortion controversy involves two major aspects PRO-LIFE that includes the ideas that abortion is unethical and illegal and the PRO-CHOICE that is comprised of ideas of freedom of choice i .e . woman ‘s right to choose if she wants to have an abortion . The supporters of these two confliction abortion ideologies suggest different solutions to problem . The pro-life answer to this dilemma is based on ethical and moral values and stresses to have the child and essentially live with it . The pro-choice supports abortions because of reasons they feel are appropriate and bottom line of their arguments is Kantian philosophy Kantian philosophy states that a baby is not human until some months after his /her birth ( Gillon , 2001
Statistics of Abortion
Millner and Hanks (2002 ) have provided various statistics on abortion Their research findings state , there were over 1 million abortions in the United States in 1994 . The U .S . leads most European countries as well as Australia and Canada in abortion rates . More than 88 of abortions in the U .S . were performed before 12 weeks of gestation , with adolescents more likely to abort in later stages of pregnancy than women older than 19 years of age
Issues regarding the ethics of abortion are not new to the world rather they are an age-old debate . The Columbia Encyclopedia states the history of abortion in this way : Abortion induced by herbs or manipulation was used as a form of birth control in ancient Egypt Greece , and Rome and probably earlier . In the Middle Ages in Western Europe it was generally accepted in the early months of pregnancy However , in the 19th century opinion about abortion changed . In 1869 the Roman Catholic Church prohibited abortion under any circumstances . In England and in the United States in the 19th century stringent antiabortion laws were passed (Abortion , 2004 . But attitudes towards abortion became more liberal in the 20th cent . By the 1970s , abortion had been legalized in most European countries and Japan in the United States , under a 1973 Supreme Court ruling , abortions are permitted during the first six months of pregnancy . This line of battle in the controversy over abortion has long been clearly discerned by Supreme Court in 1973 when court ruled in Roe v . Wade ‘ decision establishing abortion as a fundamental right . It declared that that most laws against abortion violate a constitutional right to privacy under the Fourteenth Amendment . It is one of the most… [banner_entry_footer]
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