Essay Title: 

1. Discuss the development of Greek philosophy from Thales to Aristotle, describing the key schools, thinkers, and ideas.

April 3, 2016 | Author: | Posted in philosophy, social sciences

Thales of Miletus is considered to be the first Greek philosopher as well as the father of science . Thales focused his philosophies on law and ethics he believed in a just god , therefore men must act justly as well . He believed that in to act justly , one must follow both the letter and the spirit of the law . Pythagoras believed that everything in life could be related to mathematics and that through mathematics everything can be predicted and measured . Pythagoras ‘ followers led a strict life of religious instruction , group meals , exercise , reading and [banner_entry_middle]

br the study of philosophy . In addition , they used music and poetry to bring balance to life and to cure illnesses . Heraclitus has been credited with the idea of logos , which in rhetoric refers to reason or logic . Heraclitus ‘ philosophies focused on the nature of things and the idea that conflict is necessary to bring about change . He influenced later philosophers such as Plato , Aristotle and Friedrich Nietzsche

Xenophanes was not only a philosopher , but also a social and religious critic . He had strong opinions on the appearance of God including the idea that He is not as we picture him , and that if oxen could imagine God , God would resemble oxen . In addition , Xenophanes is considered one of the first monotheists

The Eleatics were a school of philosophers founded by Parmenides They believed that mathematics was the origin of truth , and this group is credited with improving discourse and argument . The Atomists were a school that believed that all matter was made up of smaller parts (the atom . Followers of this school of thought were Democritus and Leucippus , who taught the idea of Atomism . Unfortunately , of their written work survived

The Sophists were a group known for making a business of wisdom in other words , teaching the art of rhetoric – for a price . Protagoras is considered one of the first Sophists , followed by Gorgias , Hippias and Callicles , for example . Sophists and the concept of sophistry eventually acquired a negative connotation because 1 ) their teachings were not free rather , they charged every student a price for the education and 2 ) the Sophists ‘ method of argument involved a sleight-of-hand technique that offered arguments through trickery

Socrates is best known for his theory of the Socratic Method (or dialectic , the idea of answering a question with a question . The purpose was to question the origin of one ‘s beliefs . Many of Socrates beliefs are difficult to discern , given that he is so inextricably intertwined with Plato . One matter that does distinguish Socrates however , is that he was on trial for corrupting young boys with his theories . It did not endear him to other Athenians that he believed that God had singled him out as a divine teacher

Plato was Socrates ‘ most well-known student . One of his most important works was the Theory of Forms , which meant that the sensory world is reality , and the world that we think is real is merely a shadow of a higher existence… [banner_entry_footer]


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